Acta Scientific Women's Health (ASWH)(ISSN: 2582-3205)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 12

The Efficacy of Treatment Options to Improve Acne Vulgaris Scarring

Noura Elgharably1 and Mohammed Al Abadie2

1Medical School, Birmingham University, UK
2Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, UK

Mohammed Al Abadie, Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, UK.

Received: October 08, 2021; Published: November 18, 2021

Abstract

  A common complication of acne is scarring. This can cause severe emotional concern for patients affecting their self-image and can result in the development of insecurities. We are fortunate to have a plethora of treatment options which provide cosmetic and clinical benefit for this. We aim to review the current literature on these treatment options, with particular focus on atrophic scarring. The literature highlights the benefit and drawbacks of treatment options including lasers, radiofrequency, chemical peels, dermabrasion, subcision and fillers.

Keywords: Acne Vulgaris; Scarring; Atrophic; Laser; Dermabrasion

References

  1. Tan JK and Bhate K. “A global perspective on the epidemiology of acne”. British Journal of Dermatology1 (2015): 3-12.
  2. Toyoda M and Morohashi M. “Pathogenesis of acne”. Medical Electron Microscopy1 (2001): 29-40.
  3. Whiting DA Acne. “Guidelines of care for acne vulgaris management”. The Western Journal of Medicine6 (1979): 551-557.
  4. “Acne Vulgaris: management”. NICE guidelines [NG198] (2021).
  5. Magin P., et al. “Psychological sequelae of acne vulgaris: results of a qualitative study”. Canadian Family Physician 52 (2006): 978-979.
  6. Goodman GJ. “Post-acne scarring: a review of its pathophysiology and treatment”. Dermatological Surgery9 (2000): 857-871.
  7. Acne: Complications (2021).
  8. Levy LL and Zeichner JA. “Management of acne scarring, part II: a comparative review of non-laser-based, minimally invasive approaches”. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology 13 (2012): 331-40.
  9. Kannangara AP. “Acne scar management”. Global Dermatology (2015): 2.
  10. Connolly D., et al. “Acne Scarring-Pathogenesis, Evaluation, and Treatment Options”. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology9 (2017): 12-23.
  11. Fabbrocini G., et al. “CROSS technique: chemical reconstruction of skin scar method”. Dermatology Therapy 21 (2008): S29-S32.
  12. Callaghan DJ. “Review on the treatment of scars”. Plastic And Aesthetic Research 7 (2020): 66.
  13. Aalami Harandi S and Balighi K. “Subcision-suction method: a new successful combination therapy in treatment of atrophic acne scars and other depressed scars”. The Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 25 (2011): 92-99.
  14. Chandrashekar B and Nandini A. “Acne scar subcision”. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery2 (2010): 125-126.
  15. English RS and Shenefelt PD. “Keloids and hypertrophic scars”. Dermatological Surgery8 (1999): 631-638.
  16. Gauglitz GG., et al. “Hypertrophic scarring, and keloids: pathomechanisms and current and emerging treatment strategies”. Molecular Medicine1-2 (2011): 113-125.
  17. Wang ZC., et al. “The Roles of Inflammation in Keloid and Hypertrophic Scars”. Frontiers in Immunology 11 (2020): 603187.
  18. “Acne vulgaris: evidence reviews for management of acne vulgaris-associated scarring”. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence 15 (2021).
  19. Alster TS and McMeekin TO. “Improvement of facial acne scars by the 585 nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology1 (1996): 79-81.
  20. Laser resurfacing - Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic Organisation (2021).
  21. YS Suh HS., et al. “Intense pulsed light vs. pulsed-dye laser in the treatment of facial acne: a randomized split-face trial”. The Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology7 (2010): 773-780.
  22. Patel Nita and Clement. “Selective Nonablative Treatment of Acne Scarring With 585 nm Flashlamp Pulsed Dye Laser”. Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery 28 (2002): 942-945.
  23. Marini L. “Laser- and RF-based treatments for acne vulgaris: newinteresting options a commentary”. The Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 32 (2018): 514-514.
  24. Orringer JS., et al. “A randomized, controlled, split-face clinical trial of 1320-nm Nd:YAG laser therapy in the treatment of acne vulgaris”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology3 (2007): 432-438.
  25. Ong Michal and Bashir Saqib. “A Systematic Review of Laser Resurfacing for Acne Scars”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 66 (2012): 10.
  26. , et al. “Evaluation of microneedling fractional radiofrequency device for treatment of acne scars”. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery 7.2 (2014): 93-97.
  27. Simmons BJ., et al. “Use of radiofrequency in cosmetic dermatology: focus on nonablative treatment of acne scars”. Clinical Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 7 (2014): 335-339.
  28. Hession MT and Graber EM. “Atrophic acne scarring: a review of treatment options”. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology1 (2015): 50-58.
  29. Christophel JJ., et al. “A randomized controlled trial of fractional laser therapy and dermabrasion for scar resurfacing”. Dermatological Surgery 38 (2012): 595-602.
  30. Aronsson A., et al. “Effects of dermabrasion on acne scarring. A review and a study of 25 cases”. Acta Dermatology -Venereologica1 (1997): 39-42.
  31. Minkis A. “Microdermabrasion: Background, History of the Procedure, Problem”. Medline (2021).
  32. Lee JB., et al. “Focal treatment of acne scars with trichloroacetic acid: chemical reconstruction of skin scars method”. Dermatological Surgery11 (2002): 1017-1021.
  33. Handog EB., et al. “Chemical peels for acne and acne scars in asians: evidencebased review”. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery 5.4 (2012): 239-246.
  34. Al-Waiz MM and Al-Sharqi AI. “Medium-depth chemical peels in the treatment of acne scars in dark-skinned individuals”. Dermatological Surgery 28 (2002): 383-387.
  35. Chen X., et al. “Chemical peels for acne vulgaris: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials”. BMJ Open 8 (2018): e019607.
  36. Narins RS and Bowman PH. “Injectable skin fillers”. Clinics in Plastic Surgery 32 (2005): 151-162.
  37. Kravva G and Al-Niaimi F. “A systematic review of treatments for acne scarring. Part 1: Non-energy-based techniques”. Scars Burns and Healing 3 (2017).
  38. Pol D., et al. “A novel cost-effective autologous dermal filler for atrophic acne scar”. Indian Dermatol Online Journal 12 (2021): 361-362.
  39. Jacob CI., et al. “Acne scarring: a classification system and review of treatment options”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 45 (2001): 109-117.
  40. Tan JK., et al. “Beliefs and perceptions of patients with acne”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 3 (2001): 439-445.

Citation

Citation: Noura Elgharably and Mohammed Al Abadie. “The Efficacy of Treatment Options to Improve Acne Vulgaris Scarring". Acta Scientific Women's Health 3.12 (2021): 13-19.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Noura Elgharably and Mohammed Al Abadie This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US