The Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Myopia
Ph.D. in Clinical Ophthalmology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Ali Nouraeinejad, Ph.D. in Clinical Ophthalmology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
September 26, 2021; Published: December 01, 2021
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has globally stricken millions of people . As the global health burden of COVID-19 continues to boost, it is also showing to impose enormous costs on people, communities, health care systems, and economies .
- Nouraeinejad A. “The influence of coronavirus disease 2019 on myopia progression”. European Eye Research 2 (2021): 113-114.
- Singh K., et al. “Health, psychosocial, and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with chronic conditions in India: a mixed methods study”. BMC Public Health 21 (2021): 685.
- Josephson A., et al. “Socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19 in low-income countries”. Nature Human Behaviour 5 (2021): 557-565.
- Yoshikawa Y and Kawachi I. “Association of Socioeconomic Characteristics With Disparities in COVID-19 Outcomes in Japan”. JAMA Network Open7 (2021): e2117060.
- Forte T., et al. “The COVID-19 Pandemic Strain: Teleworking and Health Behavior Changes in the Portuguese Context”. Healthcare 9 (2021): 1151.
- Oberndorfer M., et al. “Health-related and socio-economic burden of the COVID-19 pandemic in Vienna”. Health and Social Care in the Community 5 (2021): 10.
- Kawohl W and Nordt C. “COVID-19, unemployment, and suicide”. The Lancet Psychiatry 5 (2020): 389-390.
- Reger MA., et al. “Suicide mortality and coronavirus disease 2019—A perfect storm?”. JAMA Psychiatry11 (2020): 1093.
- Nouraeinejad A. “A warning message from 2020 to 2050: More than half of the world population will be myopic by 2050”. London: Moorfields Eye Hospital (2020).
- Nouraeinejad A. “The Myopia Impact”. Acta Scientific Ophthalmology9 (2021): 35-36.
- Saw S-M., et al. “Prevention and Management of Myopia and Myopic Pathology”. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 60 (2019): 488-499.
- Liu J., et al. “Student Health Implications of School Closures during the COVID-19 Pandemic: New Evidence on the Association of e-Learning, Outdoor Exercise, and Myopia”. Healthcare (Basel)5 (2021): 500.
- Holden BA., et al. “Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050”. Ophthalmology 5 (2016): 1036-1042.
- Nouraeinejad A. “Differential Diagnosis in Optometry and Ophthalmology”. Second Edition. Iran: Noruzi Publication (2017).
- Wang J., et al. “Progression of Myopia in School-Aged Children After COVID-19 Home Confinement”. JAMA Ophthalmology3 (2021): 293-300.
- He M., et al. “Effect of time spent outdoors at school on the development of myopia among children in China: a randomized clinical trial”. JAMA11 (2015): 1142-1148.
- Lingham G., et al. “How does spending time outdoors protect against myopia? a review”. British Journal of Ophthalmology5 (2020): 593-599.
- Zadnik K., et al. “Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Ethnicity and Refractive Error (CLEERE) Study Group. Prediction of Juvenile-Onset Myopia”. JAMA Ophthalmology6 (2015): 683-689.
- Wen L., et al. “Objectively measured near work, outdoor exposure and myopia in children”. British Journal of Ophthalmology11 (2020): 1542-1547.