Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 5

Children’s Eating Habits in Turkey: An Evaluation through Children’s Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT)

Ülkü Demirci*

Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author: Ülkü Demirci, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Received: December 13, 2023; Published: April 23, 2024

Abstract

Background and Aim: Obesity in children is a global concern that requires immediate attention. The sedentary lifestyle leads to the onset and progress of obesity in children. Herein, a detailed survey was conducted on 637 students aged between 8 and 11.

Methods: The survey was done on children of either Turkish or Syrian ethnicity, who went to public and private schools and belonged to rich, medium, and poor socioeconomic backgrounds. Contour drawing scales were used to categorize the body type of the participants. Statistical analysis was conducted to understand the responses provided by the selected students on the 26 items according to the ChEAT questionnaire.

Results: The results suggested that the students were aware of their health but were not ascertain about the relation between eating attitudes and obesity. A mixed response to the other’s perception of their obesity was observed.

Conclusions: The present results supported the validation of the ChEAT questionnaire to evaluate the children’s perspective psychometrically. The survey suggested adopting a scientific approach to improve the awareness of obesity among children.

Keywords: Obesity; Children’s Eating Attitudes Test; Public Health; ChEAT

References

  1. Di Cesare M., et al. “The epidemiological burden of obesity in childhood: a worldwide epidemic requiring urgent action”. BMC Medicine 17 (2019): 1-20.
  2. Bouchard C. “Genetics of obesity: overview and research directions”. The Genetics of Obesity (1994): 223-233.
  3. Bouchard C. “Genetics of obesity: what we have learned over decades of research”. Obesity 29 (2021): 802-820.
  4. Kuntz B and Lampert T. “Socioeconomic factors and obesity”. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 107 (2010): 517-522.
  5. Ball K and Crawford D. “Socio-economic factors in obesity: a case of slim chance in a fat world?” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition: APJCN 15 (2006): 15-20.
  6. Bilić-Kirin V., et al. “Association between socioeconomic status and obesity in children”. Collegium Antropologicum 38 (2014): 553-558.
  7. Strauss RS and Knight J. “Influence of the home environment on the development of obesity in children”. Pediatrics 103 (1999): e85.
  8. Ortega Hinojosa AM., et al. “Influence of school environments on childhood obesity in California”. Environment Research 166 (2018): 100-107.
  9. Kumar S., et al. “Influence of parental obesity on school children”. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 77 (2010): 255-258.
  10. Nicklas TA., et al. “Eating patterns and obesity in children. The Bogalusa Heart Study”. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 25 (2003): 9-16.
  11. Nicklas TA., et al. “Eating patterns, dietary quality and obesity”. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 20 (2001): 599-608.
  12. Weker H. “Simple obesity in children. A study on the role of nutritional factors”. Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego 10 (2006): 3-191.
  13. Goran MI., et al. “Role of physical activity in the prevention of obesity in children”. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorder 23 (1999): S18-33.
  14. Epstein LH., et al. “Exercise in treating obesity in children and adolescents”. Database of abstracts of reviews of effects (DARE): quality-assessed reviews” (1996).
  15. Gullone E and Taffe J. “The emotion regulation questionnaire for children and adolescents (ERQ-CA): a psychometric evaluation”. Psychology Assess 24 (2012): 409-417.
  16. Rieffe C., et al. “Psychometric properties of the emotion awareness questionnaire for children”. Personality and Individual Differences 43 (2007): 95-105.
  17. Nakamura BJ., et al. “A psychometric analysis of the child behavior checklist DSM-oriented scales”. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 31 (2009): 178-189.
  18. Maloney MJ., et al. “Dieting behavior and eating attitudes in children”. Pediatrics 84 (1989): 482-489.
  19. Garfinkel PE and Newman A. “The eating attitudes test: twenty-five years later”. Eat Weight Disorder 6 (2001): 1-24.
  20. Thompson MA and Gray JJ. “Development and validation of a new body-image assessment scale”. Journal of Personality Assessment 64 (1995): 258-269.
  21. Wertheim EH., et al. “Test-retest reliability and construct validity of contour drawing rating scale scores in a sample of early adolescent girls”. Body Image 1 (2004): 199-205.
  22. Ng ES., et al. “New generation, great expectations: a field study of the millennial generation”. Journal of Business and Psychology 25 (2010): 281-292.
  23. Sparling PB. “Obesity on campus”. Preventing Chronic Disease 4 (2007): A72.
  24. Giugliano R and Carneiro EC. “Factors associated with obesity in school children”. Journal of Pediatrics 80 (2004): 17-22.
  25. Moussa MA., et al. “Factors associated with obesity in school children”. International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 18 (1994): 513-515.
  26. Bhuiyan MU., et al. “Risk factors associated with overweight and obesity among urban school children and adolescents in Bangladesh: a case-control study”. BMC Pediatrics 13 (2013): 72.
  27. Thibault H., et al. “Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in french primary-school children”. Public Health Nutrition 16 (2013): 193-201.
  28. Garner DM., et al. “The eating attitudes test: psychometric features and clinical correlates”. Psychology Medicine 12 (1982): 871-878.
  29. Maloney MJ., et al. “Reliability testing of a children's version of the eating attitude test”. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 27 (1988): 541-543.
  30. Sasson A., et al. “Dieting behavior and eating attitudes in Israeli children”. International Journal of Eating Disorders 17 (1995): 67-72.
  31. Lommi S., et al. “Children’s Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT): a validation study in Finnish children”. Eat Weight Disorder 25 (2020): 961-971.
  32. Ranzenhofer LM., et al. “Structure analysis of the Children's Eating Attitudes Test in overweight and at-risk for overweight children and adolescents”. Eat Behavior 9 (2008): 218-227.

Citation

Citation: Ülkü Demirci. “Children’s Eating Habits in Turkey: An Evaluation through Children’s Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT)". “Children’s Eating Habits in Turkey: An Evaluation through Children’s Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT)".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 8.5 (2024): 35-42.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Ülkü Demirci. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US