Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 3

Association between Nutritional Status and Quality of Life in Stages 3 to 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

OR Omole1, JO Orji2, JE Areh3, JC Okereke4, JE Odarah5, IO Abali6, UJ Ogbonna7, IE Okeji8, CE Ijioma9, AC Amuta10, O Austin-Jemifor11, JA Onua12, UE Ojumonu13, IC Zacs14 and AI Airaodion15

1Department of Nursing, Coventry University, United Kingdom
2Department of Acute Medicine, University Hospital of Derby and Burton, NHS Foundation Trust, UK
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Warrington and Halton Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, UK
4House Officer, Department of Paedriatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

5Resident Medical Officer, JBS Gerontology Centre and Medicare Services, Lekki, Lagos State, Nigeria
6Department of Surgery, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
7Medical Student, Clinical Class 3, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Nigeria
8Department of General Medicine, North Cumbria Integrated Care, NHS Foundation Trust, UK
9Resident, Department of Family Medicine, Abia State Specialist Hospital and Diagnostic Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
10Population Health/Health IT Analyst, Prince George’s County Health Department, 1701 McCormick Drive, USA
11Junior Specialist Doctor, Internal Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals Birmingham, NHS Foundation Trust, UK
12Medical Officer, Department of Internal Medicine, Artemis Hospital, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
13Medical Student, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Nigeria
14Medical Student, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Nigeria
15Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: AI Airaodion, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Received: February 12, 2024; Published: March 07, 2024

Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) significantly impacts the quality of life (QOL) in affected individuals. This study aims to evaluate the association between nutritional status and health-related QOL in CKD patients. A cohort of 150 CKD patients attending the Nephrology Department of a tertiary health facility in southern Nigeria participated in the study after providing informed consent. An adapted KDQOL-SF-36 questionnaire was administered. Nutritional status was categorized as well-nourished, mildly to moderately malnourished, or severely malnourished. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) with descriptive statistics and Pearson’s Chi-square test. The study population predominantly comprised males (70.00%) with a mean age of 50.9 years. Most were married (80.67%) and had secondary education (48.00%). Nutritional status assessment showed 47.33% well-nourished, 34.67% mildly to moderately malnourished, and 18.00% severely malnourished patients. QOL scores indicated 52.67% with good physical component score, 55.33% with good mental component score, and varying percentages for other components. A significant association was found between nutritional status and overall QOL (p < 0.05). Well-nourished patients demonstrated higher overall QOL (80.28% good) compared to malnourished counterparts (17.31% in mildly to moderately malnourished and 7.41% in severely malnourished). This study highlights a noteworthy association between nutritional status and QOL in CKD patients. Well-nourished individuals exhibited better overall QOL, emphasizing the importance of nutritional interventions in managing CKD and improving patient outcomes. Future research should explore specific dietary interventions and their impact on QOL in this patient population.

Keywords: Anthropometric Indices; Chronic Kidney Disease; Nutritional Status; Quality of Life

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Citation

Citation: AI Airaodion., et al. “Association between Nutritional Status and Quality of Life in Stages 3 to 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 8.3 (2024): 19-26.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 André Ngombe Kaseba., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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