Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 11

Relationship of Couple Mother-Newborn in Burkina Faso: Underweight at Birth Risk Factors Case

Ousmane OUÉDRAOGO1*, Ella Wendinpuikondo Raketa COMPAORÉ1, Francis Bruno ZOTOR2, and Mamoudou Hama DICKO1*

1Laboratoire de Biochimie, Biotechnologie, Technologie Alimentaire et Nutrition (LABIOTAN), Département de Biochimie-Microbiologie, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
2Office of International Programmes, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Volta Region, Ghana.

*Corresponding Author: Ousmane OUEDRAOGO, Laboratoire de Biochimie, Biotechnologie, Technologie Alimentaire et Nutrition (LABIOTAN), Département de Biochimie-Microbiologie, Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Received: October 03, 2023; Published: October 25, 2023

Abstract

Background: Weight measure before and during pregnancy is an indicator of a mother’s health and nutritional status, and the developing fetus.

Objective: The objective of this study was to find the risk factors of underweight at birth.

Methods: Prenatal consultation and delivery registers of health centres were used to fill the questionnaire previously established for this purpose. A Total of 1115 couples’ mothers-newborns were identified. Twins and premature babies were excluded. The main dependent variable was underweight at birth. The WHO growth standards for children born at term were used. The association between two qualitative variables were studied and chi-square test used at 5% significance level. Multinominal logistic regression was used to determine the risk of underweight at birth.

Results: According to the summary statistics, the average weight at the first prenatal consultation, the average height, age and MUAC of the mothers were 56.3 ± 7.7 kg, 162 ± 5.7 cm, 26.2 ± 6.2 years, 253 ± 18.6 mm respectively. With respect to newborns, the average birth weight was 2.9 kg. The average head circumference was 32.6 cm and of these newborns, 20% suffered from microcephaly and 11.1% suffered from underweight at birth. The underweight at birth affected more females (14.2%) than males (8.0%) with a significant difference of P = 0.001. Teenagers’ mothers, whose weight were 40 Kg and were 1.5 metres in height were more at risk to have underweight babies at birth.

Conclusion: The vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition still persists and should be addressed seriously

Keywords: Underweight at Birth; Malnutrition; Pregnancy; Newborns; Burkina Faso

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Citation

Citation: Ousmane OUÉDRAOGO., et al. “Relationship of Couple Mother-Newborn in Burkina Faso: Underweight at Birth Risk Factors Case".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.11 (2023): 30-37.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ousmane OUÉDRAOGO., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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