Assessing the Efficacy of Arthroscopic Bankart Repair for Recurrent Shoulder Dislocation
Jillur Hasan1*, Iftekher Ahmed2, Towhidul Islam1 and Kazi Shamim
1Medical Officer, Department of Orthopedic, at National Institute of Traumatology and
2Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Assistant Registrar, Department of Orthopedic, at National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Professor and Unit Chief, Department of Orthopedic, at National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Jillur Hasan, Medical Officer, Department of Orthopedic, at National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
July 17, 2023; Published: August 11, 2023
Background: Recurrent shoulder dislocation is a common injury with significant functional implications. The shoulder is one of the most common and frequently dislocated joints, accounting for more than 50% of all dislocations. The most common complication of shoulder dislocation is recurrent instability. It accounts for an average of 70-90% recurrence in patients aged 20-40 years. Arthroscopic Bankart repair has emerged as a popular surgical technique for its potential to restore stability and reduce re-dislocation rates.
Aim of the study: This study aims to assess the efficacy of this procedure through a comprehensive analysis of patient outcomes and complication rates.
Methods: This is a descriptive and prospective study, a total of 16 patients were enrolled and analyzed in this study who were undergone arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent shoulder dislocation. The study was conducted at the Department of Orthopedic, at National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh. The study duration was one year from January 2020 to December 2020. Every case is thoroughly examined, and a comprehensive study is done concerning anatomical status, hospital stay, functioning results, and complications in a proforma.
Result: The largest proportion of patients (31.25%) fell within the age group of 20-24 years, while 25.00% of patients were aged between 15-20 years. in the study population, with 87% of patients being male and 13% being female. The majority of injuries were attributed to sports activities (81.25%), while 12.50% resulted from falls from heights, and a single patient experienced an accidental road injury. The average surgery duration was 69.87 ± 17.19 minutes, and patients attended follow-up visits for an average of 7.76 ± 2.45 days. The study observed a recurrence rate of 37.50%, but 81.25% of patients expressed satisfaction with the treatment outcome.
Conclusion: In conclusion, this research study provides valuable insights into the efficacy of arthroscopic Bankart repair as a treatment option for recurrent shoulder dislocation. The findings highlight the procedure's effectiveness in reducing the risk of further dislocations and improving functional outcomes, emphasizing its significance in clinical practice.
Keywords: Efficacy, Arthroscopic, Bankart Repair; Recurrent Shoulder
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