The Burden of Obesity Pandemic Among Adolescents and Young Adults-Its Prevention
Emmanuel Zimba and Sophonie Ndahayo*
Associate Professor of Public Health, Zambia
*Corresponding Author: Sophonie Ndahayo, Associate Professor of Public Health, Zambia.
May 30, 2023; Published: June 25, 2023
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a global burden and a great challenge to public health and social economic development worldwide. NCDs are responsible for 38 million of 57 million annual deaths, with 85% of the deaths occurring in low and middle income countries (LMICs). The population of LMICs is mainly of young people. Addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a global priority in sustainable development goals, especially for adolescents (1). In a bid to contribute to the world health organisation’s objective number four: to promote research for NCD prevention and control, this review discusses the prevalence of NCDs among adolescents and young adults and recommends cost-effective lifestyle interventions that any willing person can adopt and contribute to prevention and control of NCDs pandemic.
Keywords: Non-Communicable Diseases; Adolescents; Young Adults; Prevention
- Akseer N., et al. “Non-communicable diseases among adolescents: current status, determinants, interventions and policies”. BMC Public Health 20 (2020): 1908.
- Alsulami S., et al. “Obesity and its association with gender, smoking, consumption of sugary drinks, and hours of sleep among King Abdulaziz University Students in Saudi Arabia”. Diabetes Metabolic Syndrom Obesity16 (2023): 925-934.
- Baker JL., et al. “Childhood body-mass index and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood”. New England Journal of Medicine23 (2007): 2329-2337.
- Boyer BP., et al. “Childhood body mass index trajectories predicting cardiovascular risk in adolescence”. Journal of Adolescent Health 6 (2015): 599-605.
- United States of America Centres of for disease control and prevention clinical growth charts (2017).
- Budreviciute A., et al. “Frontiers of Public Health 8 (2020).
- Franks PW., et al. “Childhood obesity, Other cardiovascular risk factors, and premature death”. New England Journal of Medicine6 (2010): 485-493.
- Global Burden of Disease (GBD). Obesity collaborators. “Health effects of overweight and obesity in 195 countries over 25 years”. New England Journal of Medicine 377 (2017): 13-17.
- International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas. 7th Brussels: International Diabetes Federation (2015).
- Katzmarzyk PT., et al. “Relationship between lifestyle behaviours and obesity in children ages 9-11: results from a 12 country study”. Obesity 8 (2015): 1696-1702.
- Kelishadi R. “Life-cycle approach for prevention of non-communicable diseases”. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 1121 (2019): 1-6.
- Kokka I., et al. “Psychiatric disorders and obesity in childhood and adolescence – a systematic review of cross-sectional studies”. Children 10 (2023): 285.
- Ogden CL., et al. “Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012”. JAMA 8 (2014): 806-814.
- Tajik E., et al. “Contributing factors of obesity among stressed adolescents”. Electron Physician1 (2014): 771-778.
- Tirthani E., et al. “Genetics and Obesity”. StatPearls Publishing, Treasure Island (2023).
- Rennie KL., et al. “Behavioural determinants of obesity”. Best Practices Research Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism3 (2005): 343-358.
- Venn AJ., et al. “Overweight and obesity from childhood to adulthood: a follow-up of participants in the 1985 Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey”. The Medical Journal of Australia 9 (2007): 458-460.
- World Health Organisation (WHO). “Global Action Plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013-2020 (2013).