Prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in an Obese Patient with Other Comorbidities in PHCs; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Hussam Alzahrani*, Ahmed Alsomali and Mostafa Kofi
Family Medicine Resident, PSMMC, Riyadh, SA
*Corresponding Author: Hussam Alzahrani, Family Medicine Resident, PSMMC, Riyadh, SA.
May 02, 2023; Published: May 18, 2023
Background : Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic sleep-related disorder that afflicts a majority of obese patients. The current study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of OSA in obese patients with other comorbidities and to identify factors that may be associated with its progression.
Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted at the Alwazarat health care center (PSMMC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Participants were recruited from the center's chronic diseases clinic who were 18 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that included questions about their medical history, sleeping habits, and impact on routine functionality.
Results: A total of 337 participants were included in the study, with the majority of participants between the ages of 35 to 49 years (29.6%). The most common BMI range was 26-31, which was found in 111 individuals (32.9%) whereas 24.3% of participants had a 32-36 BMI range. The results showed that a total of 82 (24.3%) had at least one of the listed conditions including asthma, dyslipidemia, diabetes, heart disease, and thyroid disease. The most common comorbidity was diabetes which was diagnosed in 108 individuals (32.0%). The incidence of multiple conditions, with the most common combination being diabetes and asthma, was diagnosed in 18 individuals (5.3%). In response to snoring, 263 (78%) answered yes, 68 (20.2%) answered no, and 6 (1.8%) responded that they don't know. Concerning the extent of snoring, 70 (20.8%) reported their snoring as loud as talking, 14 (4.2%) responded that it was louder than talking, and 188 (55.8%) felt it was slightly louder than breathing. The majority of participants reported rarely or never experiencing instances of interrupted breathing during sleep. A high proportion of participants reported having high blood pressure (50.1%).
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest a significantly high prevalence of OSA in obese patients with multiple comorbidities.
Keywords:Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Obesity; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Cardiovascular Risk
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