Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 6

Ramadan Fasting and Religious Beliefs and Practices amongst the Muslim Diabetic Patients during COVID-19 Pandemic

Ülkü Demirci1* and Ayşegül Kaptanoğlu2

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Health Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author: Ülkü Demirci, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

Received: April 24, 2023; Published: May 16, 2023


Background and aim: Despite the increased risk of diabetes and the associated complications, many Muslim patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prefer to observe Ramadan fasting. For the better understanding of the patients’ perspective regarding fasting and help physicians offer better patient-centric care, we evaluated the religious and Ramadan fasting beliefs and practices of diabetic Muslims through this study.

Methods: A set of 150 Muslim subjects with T2DM, voluntarily participated in this cross-sectional study. The subjects were given an ad-hoc questionnaire comprising of total 40 items, divided into two subscales to investigate: (a) Ramadan fasting beliefs and practices; (b) Religious beliefs and practices.

Results: The patients’ mean age was 52.08 ± 11.11 years. They fasted for 27.85 ± 2.31 days. The overall Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (α) had excellent reliability at 0.91. The multivariate analyses indicated that subsequently adjusting for confounders, employment status [beta standardized coefficient (β) = 0.060; T = 0.843; P = 0.000], age (β standardized coefficient = -0.142; T = -1.658; P = 0.001), educational level (β standardized coefficient = 0.045; T = 0.637; P = 0.002), fasting and religious beliefs and practices (β standardized coefficient = -0.199; T = -2.917; P = 0.004), and diabetes complications and comorbidities (β standardized coefficient = 0.194; T = -2.775; P = 0.006) significantly governed the total count of fasting days.

Conclusions: Both Ramadan and religious beliefs played a significantly influential role in the decision-making process of diabetics who decided to fast during Ramadan. However, more studies need to be done in this area.

Keywords:Humans; Islam; Diabetes Complications; Fasting; Surveys; Questionnaires


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Citation: Ülkü Demirci and Ayşegül Kaptanoğlu. “Ramadan Fasting and Religious Beliefs and Practices amongst the Muslim Diabetic Patients during COVID-19 Pandemic". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.6 (2023): 44-51.


Copyright: © 2023 Ülkü Demirci and Ayşegül Kaptanoğlu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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