Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 5

Long Trip High Risk of RT PCR Positive for International Traveler

Cicilia Widyaningsih*, Iksan Akbar and Anna Sunita

Public Health Programme, Post Graduate Faculty , Universitas Respati Indonesia, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Cicilia Widyaningsih, Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Pascasarjana, Universitas Respati, Indonesia.

Received: March 28, 2023; Published: April 25, 2023

Abstract

Data from the World Tourism Organization and the World Bank in 2019, international travel agents were more than 1.5 billion tourists, in Indonesia 1.3 million people. This number was very large and was one of the risk factors for the spread of disease between countries and can be a risk for cases of importing Covid19 from abroad. The purpose of this research was to predict COVID-19 cases among international travelers according to individual characteristics, vital signs and environmental factors at Wisma Quarantine Pademangan in 2021. Case Control study, the random sampling was 233 cases Covid19, 233 controls, descriptive analysis, chi square and multiple logistic regression. Results 18-39 years old 63.3%, female 50.4%, working 63.3%, Indonesian citizen 95.1%, high risk country 54.9%, long journey 37.8%, close contact 3.6%, comorbid 9.9%, high blood pressure 18.2%, high temperature 6%, high pulse 7.3%, abnormal respiration 5.8%, abnormal saturation 6.4%. Factors were significants: the length of the trip p 0.000, OR 7.233; temperature p 0.003, OR 5.871; work p 0.035, OR 5.405; close contact p 0.037, OR 4.495, nationality p 0.053, OR 4.277; oxygen saturation p 0.041, OR 3.678; breath p 0.017, OR 3.389; Country of origin 0.000, OR 3.190;comorbid p 0.012, OR 2.818; gender p 0.000, OR 2.606; age p 0.000, OR 2,405. Conclusion 11 Covid-19 factors contributed 44.6%, the most important factor was the length of the trip.

Keywords: COVID-19; Length of International Travel; Tourism

References

  1. “International Travel and Health Regulation”. Geneva: WHO; (2012).
  2. “International Health Regulations”. Geneve: WHO; 3 (2005).
  3. WHO Director-General’s remarks at the media briefing on 2019-nCov on 11 February 2020 (2020).
  4. BPS RI. “Statistik Indonesia”. Indonesia: BPS RI; (2019).
  5. Ministry of Health Indonesia. “Health Service Quality Agency. Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Indonesia” (2021).
  6. World Health Organization. “COVID 19 strategy update”. World Health Organization; (2020).
  7. Wang Z., et al. “Inflight transmission of COVID-19 based on experimental aerosol dispersion data”. Journal of Travel Medicine 4 (2021).
  8. Task Force for Handling COVID-19. International Traveller Data. Jakarta (2021).
  9. “COVID-19 Travel Recommendations by Destination”. Geneva (2020).
  10. Task Force for Handling COVID-19. “Control of COVID-19 with 3M, 3T, Vaccination, Discipline, Compact, and Consistent”. Jakarta (2021).
  11. CDC US. “Supplement: Community Containment Measures, Including Non-Hospital Isolation and Quarantine”. Atlanta (2020).
  12. “Sample size and method in health research”. Jakarta: FKM UI (2008).
  13. “Research Procedure: A Practical Approach”. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta; (2013).
  14. Khan S., et al. “Emergence of a Novel Coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: Biology and Therapeutic Options”. Journal of Clinical Microbiology5 (2020).
  15. Almazeedi S., et al. “Characteristics, risk factors and outcomes among the first consecutive 1096 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Kuwait”. EClinicalMedicine 24 (2020): 100448.
  16. Ahmady S., et al. “Transition to Virtual Learning During the Coronavirus Disease–2019 Crisis in Iran: Opportunity Or Challenge?” Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 3 (2020): e11-12.
  17. “Supplement: Community Containment Measures, Including Non-Hospital Isolation and Quarantine”. Atlanta (2020).
  18. Bruminhent J., et al. “Clinical characteristics and risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among patients under investigation in Thailand”. PLoS One9 (2020): e0239250.
  19. Wang W., et al. “Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Different Types of Clinical Specimens”. JAMA (2020).
  20. Bi Q., et al. “Epidemiology and transmission of COVID-19 in 391 cases and 1286 of their close contacts in Shenzhen, China: a retrospective cohort study”. Lancet Infectious Disease8 (2020): 911-919.
  21. “Symptoms and diagnosis of Coronavirus”. Atlanta (2020).
  22. Wilder-Smith A., et al. “Can we contain the COVID-19 outbreak with the same measures as for SARS?” Lancet Infectious Disease5 (2020): e102-107.

Citation

Citation: Cicilia Widyaningsih., et al. “Long Trip High Risk of RT PCR Positive for International Traveler".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.5 (2023): 77-84.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Cicilia Widyaningsih., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US