Efficacy of Region-Specific Dietary Intervention on the Nutritional Status of
Undernourished Farm Women
Neerja Singla1*, Poonam Bakhetia2, Rohini Jain3 and Renuka Aggarwal4
1Associate Professor, Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
3Former Research Fellow, Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural
University, Ludhiana, India
4Scientist, Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
*Corresponding Author: Neerja Singla, Associate Professor, Department of Food and Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.
February 07, 2023; Published: February 23, 2023
Keeping in view the poor diet quality of rural Indian women especially those belonging to low socio-economic status, in the present study an attempt was made to develop a Ready to Use (RTU) nutrient dense mixture from the indigenous and cost-effective ingredients like cereals, pulses, oilseeds etc. Out of various combinations, the one with a composition ofWheat flour: 50g, Chickpea flour: 25g, Green gram flour: 20g, Flaxseeds: 5g was selected and tested for the preparation of different food products which are consumed by rural Punjabi families commonly with the best organoleptic characteristics. Further, sixty farm women belonging to low socio-economic status were selected and were divided into two groups- Intervention (I) and Delayed intervention (DI) with 30 subjects in each group. Intervention group was provided with the mixture in their daily diets along with fortnight nutrition education for a period of four months, while no intervention was provided to delayed intervention group. Post-intervention an improved nutrient intake (in terms of increased energy, protein, fat, calcium and iron) was observed which resulted in a significant increase in weights (3.89 kg), body mass index (1.48 kg/m2) and heamoglobin (0.54 mg/dl) levels of the intervention group subjects. So, it can be concluded that the dietary supplementation along with the nutrition education can be an effective strategy to enhance the nutritional status of the women-a vulnerable section of the society.
Keywords: Farm Women; Nutrient Dense Mixture; Ready to Use; Undernutrition
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