Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 2

Nutrient Retention, Carcass and Organ Characteristics of Finisher Broilers Fed Palm Press Fibre Meal

Juliana Nneka Ikpe1*, Emmanuel Chukwuma Oko1 and Ibukun Caroline Vining-Ogu2

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Juliana Nneka Ikpe, Department of Agricultural Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Received: December 14, 2022; Published: January 06, 2023

Abstract

The quest for ways to solve the present soaring cost of chicken has lead to the exploration into the use of Palm Press Fibre (PPF) to substitute maize in feeding broiler birds. PPF is a high fibre agricultural waste product and high fibre feed ingredients are known to exert negative consequences on the carcass and organ characteristics of broiler birds. This research therefore understudied the nutrient retention, carcass and organ characteristics of finisher broilers fed different substitution rates of maize with Palm Press Fibre Meal (PPFM). A total of 240 ROSS 308 breed of finishing broilers of 28 days post hatch were used for the experiment following a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Each treatment group had sixty broiler birds that were replicated three times to obtain twenty birds per replicate. The control diet (TI) contained no PPFM, while T2, T3 and T4 diets contained 10%, 20% and 30% PPFM respectively which represents 16.67, 33.33 and 50% substitution rates of maize. The birds were managed under deep litter system and fed adlibitum for 28 days. After which, the 3 broilers were slaughtered for carcass and organ assessment while another set of 3 broilers were put in a metabolic cage for nutrient retention assessment. Result of the proximate composition showed PPFM contained 12.61% Crude protein, 7.21%Crude fibre, 3.32% Ether extract and 6.87% Ash. The live weight of the broilers were significantly bigger for control and T2 but reduced for T3 and T4. The eviscerated weight in percentage live weight was similar (P > 0.05) for T1, T2 and T3 groups but reduced for T4 group. Also, the thigh and drumstick (%lw) had the highest value for the control which was similar (P > 0.05) with T2 but differed (P<0.05) from T3 and T4 while the value for T3 and T4 were same (P > 0.05) with that of T2. There was a progressive increase in the gizzard size as inclusion rate of PPFM increased in the diets. Crude protein retention was significant (P > 0.05) reduced at T4. It was concluded that substitution of maize with PPFM can cause increase in gizzard size, not toxic to the broilers and protein retention can reduced when the inclusion rate increase to 50%.

Keywords: Carcass; Diet; Finisher Broilers; Palm Press Fibre; Nutrient Retention; Organ

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Citation

Citation: Juliana Nneka Ikpe., et al. “Nutrient Retention, Carcass and Organ Characteristics of Finisher Broilers Fed Palm Press Fibre Meal". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 7.2 (2023): 31-37.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Juliana Nneka Ikpe., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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