Dietary Pattern, Lifestyle, Anthropometric Indices and Prevalence of Hypertension among
Undergraduate Students in Farm Practical Year of the Federal University of Agriculture,
Oyinbolaji A Ajetunmobi1,2*, Ibiyemi O Olayiwola1 and Ebenezer P John1
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Food Science and Human
Ecology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
2Department of Public and International Affairs, Faculty of Social Science,
University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Oyinbolaji A Ajetunmobi, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Food Science and Human Ecology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
October 27, 2022; Published: November 08, 2022
Background: In the past few years the aetiology of hypertension has been linked to a variety of dietary, body size and lifestyle variables.
Objective: To assess the dietary pattern, lifestyle, anthropometric indices and prevalence of hypertension among undergraduate students at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, during their active period of on-farm work doing their farm practical year.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study among 320 students was determined by stratified random sampling and colleges by purposive sampling technique. A sphygmomanometer was used to measure blood pressure. Food data were obtained through a food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric and lifestyle were collected using a standard structure questionnaire used to collect weight, height, physical activity and other risk factors.
Results: Our findings revealed that the majority of 70.6% are within age 21-25, 79.4% live off-camp, The BMI categorized as normal had 69.5%, 14.5% were overweight, 11% were underweight and 5% were obese. 90% WC were not at risk, 88.4% WHR were acceptable and 90% WHtR were not at risk. In addition, 69.5% undergo high physical activity. Also, the majority consume high sodium and low potassium, The energy intake was between 1789.14 – 1985.54 kcal/day. A significant relationship was established between sex, BMI, WHtR and prevalence of hypertension using (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The study revealed that the prevalence of hypertension is higher in male than female, also obesity and people who have a very high risk of WHtR has a higher magnitude of hypertension. More so, an increase in body size variable had a relative increase in blood pressure variable.
Keywords: Dietary Pattern; Lifestyle; Anthropometric Indices; Hypertension; Farm Practical
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