Morphological Characteristics of Local Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Cultivar
Zeynep BASCAM1 and Tulay OZCAN2*
1Bursa Uludag University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Bursa, Turkey
22Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Food Engineering, Bursa, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Tulay OZCAN, Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of
Agriculture, Department of Food Engineering, Bursa, Turkey.
October 17, 2022; Published: November 07, 2022
Objectives: In this study, it was aimed to determine the morphological characteristics of 6 grape varieties grown commercially in Manisa region. In this context, pomological and biochemical properties of grape samples were investigated by collecting Antep Karası grape, Trakya İlkeren grape, Michaeli Paliere grape, Red Globe grape, Crimson Seedless and Sultani Seedless grapes according to harvest time.
Methodology: From the pomological properties of grapes; berry size (mm), berry width (mm), berry thickness (mm), geometric mean diameter (Dg, mm), sphericity (ø), roundness (%, Ro), number of kernels in the berry, berry weight, 100 berry weight properties, physicochemical properties; pH, acidity, water-soluble dry matter (WSDM) and maturity index properties were determined. In addition, the color difference and intensity (L*, a*, b*, h˚, C*) values as well as the berry skin color were determined in the grape samples.
Results: The lowest 100 berry weight was determined in Sultani Seedless, the highest in Michael Paliere. Within the scope of the study, Sultani and Crimson grape varieties are seedless, and it was determined that the grape with the highest number of seeds among other grape varieties was Red Globe. It was noted that Antep Karası, Michael Paliere and Sultani Seedless grapes had longer berry lengths, while Michael Paliere and Trakya İlkeren grape varieties had the highest width.
Conculusions: It is thought that the findings obtained in the region, which has an important export potential in table and dried grapes, can be used as basic data in future studies on technical issues such as machine harvesting, storage, transportation and production, taking into account the morphological, physical and chemical properties of grape berries of these varieties.
Keywords: Grape (Vitis vinifera L.); Morphological; Local
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