Quality Evaluation of Some Processed Rice Brands Sold in Umuahia Metroplis Abia State Nigeria
Chidiamara Onyinyechi Adindu-Linus, Adindu Linus-Chibuezeh*, KS Abasiekong, Maduebibisi O Iwe, Joel Ndife, Innocent N Okwunodulu and Chinedu C Onuorah
Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Adindu Linus-Chibuezeh, Department of Food Science and Technology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
September 19, 2022; Published: October 06, 2022
Quality parameters of 13 selected processed rice brands sold in Umuahia Metropolis were evaluated for their proximate, vitamin, mineral compositions and heavy metals (cadmium and lead) using standard methods. Nine brands of foreign rice (imported brands) and four locally processed brands were sampled. The samples were ground prior to analysis using a locally fabricated hammer mill. Result of proximate composition showed moisture content range of 7.40-12.65%, crude protein 2.32-7.42%, crude fibre 1.11-1.83%, ether extract 0.59-1.68%, ash 0.62-1.26% and carbohydrate 76.90-85.93%. Vitamin content showed thiamine (B1) range of 0.12-0.32mg/100g, riboflavin 0.08-0.27mg/100g and niacin 1.42-1.83mg/100g. Mineral content showed that calcium ranged from 0.16-0.23mg/100g, phosphorus 0.45-0.57mg/100g, potassium 0.16-0.27mg/100g, iron 0.55-98mg/100g, while sodium 0.11-016mg/100g. Cadmium and lead recorded low values of 0.001-8.00mg/100g and 0.004-0.022mg/100 respectively.
Keywords: Survey; Quality; Local Rice; Foreign Rice; Umuahia
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