Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 11

A Review of Obesity Management

Viola Hoxha1* and Kara Mayes2

1Mercy Family Medicine Residency, USA
2Medical Director, Mercy Clinic Weight and Wellness, USA

*Corresponding Author: Viola Hoxha, Mercy Family Medicine Residency, USA.

Received: September 09, 2022; Published: October 06, 2022

Abstract

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that obesity has been growing at an alarming rate worldwide [1,2]. It has tripled between 1975 and 2016. In 2016 WHO reported that more than 1.9 billion adults had overweight, and 650 million of those had obesity. Obesity is diagnosed by calculating the body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), weight in kilogram divided by the height in meters squared. BMI greater or equal to 30 is considered obesity, meanwhile BMI at 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 is considered overweight.

References

  1. WHO: Obesity and overweight.
  2. , et al. “Medical Weight Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach". In Weight Management - Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Hassan Heshmati. London: IntechOpen (2022).
  3. "Weight Management: Inflammation". In Weight Management, edited by Hubertus Himmerich. London: IntechOpen (2020).
  4. , et al. “Resistance Training and Weight Management: Rationale and Efficacy". In Weight Management - Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Hassan Heshmati. London: IntechOpen (2022).
  5. Swinburn BA., et al. “The global obesity pandemic: Shaped by global drivers and local environments”. The Lancet London England 378 (2011): 804-814.
  6. Lin X and Li H. “Obesity: Epidemiology. Pathophysiology, and Therapeutics”. Frontiers in Endocrinology 12 (2021): 706978.
  7. Duffey KJ., et al. “Differential association of the fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 85 (2007): 201-208.
  8. Spano M. “Nutrition strategies for maximizing performance”. In Haff GG, Triplett NT, editors. Essential of Strength Training and Conditioning. 4th Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics (2015).
  9. Garvey WT., et al. “American association of clinical endocrinologists and American college of endocrinology comprehensive clinical practice guidelines for medica care of patients with obesity”. Endocrine Practice Official journal of American Coll Endocrinol the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists 3 (2016): 1-203.
  10. Grant P., et al. “The bariatric physician”. Clinical Medicine (London, England) 14 (2014): 30-33.
  11. Forgione N., et al. “Managing obesity in primary care: Breaking down the barriers”. Advances in Therapy 35 (2018): 191-198.
  12. Gudzune KA., et al. “Efficacy of commercial weight loss programs: An update systematic review”. Annals of Internal Medicine 162 (2015): 501-512.
  13. Willaing I., et al. “Nutritional counselling in primary health care: A randomized comparison of an intervention by general practitioner or dietitian”. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation 11 (2004): 513-520.
  14. Telles S., et al. “Lifestyle modification in the prevention and management of obesity”. Journal of Obesity (2016): 5818601.
  15. Shai I., et al. “Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low fat diet”. The New England Journal of Medicine 356 (2008): 229-241.
  16. Brehm BJ., et al. “A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and calorie-restricted low-fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in health women”. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 88 (2003): 1617-1623.
  17. Foster GD., et al. “Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2 years on low carbohydrate versus low fat diet”. Annals of Internal Medicine 153 (2010): 147-157.
  18. Schwingshack L and Hoffmann G. “Comparison of effects of long-term low-fat vs high fat diets on blood lipid levels in overweight or obese patients: A systemic review and meta-analysis”. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Diabetics 113 (2013): 1640-1661.
  19. Sacks FM., et al. “Comparison of weight loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates”. The New England Journal of Medicine 360 (2009): 859-873.
  20. Dalle Grave R., et al. “A: randomized trial of energy restricted high protein versus high carbohydrate, low fat diet in morbid obesity”. Obesity 21 (2013): 1774-1781.
  21. Zubrzycki A., et al. “The role of low-calorie diets and intermittent fasting in the treatment of obesity and type-2 diabetes”. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (2018): 69.

Citation

Citation: Viola Hoxha and Kara Mayes. “A Review of Obesity Management". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.11 (2022): 38-40.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Viola Hoxha and Kara Mayes. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is December 15, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US