Consumption Of Nutritional Supplements in Older Adults Sabaneta, Antioquia, 2021
Deossa-R GC1*, Duque S2, Mejía Y2, Ortiz L2 and Portillo M23*
1Dietitian Nutritionist, Specialist and Master in Human Nutrition, Professor at the School of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Antioquia, Antioquia
2Undergraduate Students, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of
*Corresponding Author: Deossa-R GC, Dietitian Nutritionist, Specialist and Master in Human Nutrition, Professor at the School of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Antioquia, Antioquia.
September 14, 2022; Published: October 04, 2022
Objective: to characterize the use of nutritional supplements, according to qualitative and quantitative consumption of food groups in older adults of the Club del Adult Mayor of the municipality of Sabaneta, Antioquia.
Materials and Methods: A structured survey was applied, which investigated sociodemographic, socioeconomic, health and morbidity variables, consumption of nutritional supplements and food, through a questionnaire of frequency of consumption, based on food-based dietary guidelines for the Colombian population; nutritional status was evaluated by means of mini nutritional assessment (MNA). The information was analyzed by means of graphs generated by the "google forms" tool and was stored and processed in the Microsoft Excel 2016 program.
Results: 47.1% presented a risk of malnutrition and 52.9% a normal nutritional status due to NTM. 82.4% of older adults consumed nutritional supplements, which were recommended by relatives in 46.6%; however, in terms of food consumption, none of the participants managed to comply with the consumption recommendation for the 7 food groups analyzed.
Conclusion: Ningún participant managed to meet 90% of the daily recommendations for consumption of food groups, however most of the participants reported nutritional supplements. Therefore, itis necessary to propose immediate actions with educational processes aimed at the selection of the different food groups, as well as motivating adults and their families to know the benefits of a healthy diet during the human life process and to moderate the use of nutritional supplements.
Keywords: Older Adults; Nutrition; Malnutrition; Nutritional Supplements
- “Ministry of Health and Social Protection”. Demographic aging Colombia 1951-2020, Demographic dynamics and population structures. Bogotá DC (2013).
- Colombia, Antioquia. “Mayor's Office of Sabaneta”. Ten-year Public Health Plan 2012-2021, PASE methodology to health equity (2021).
- Tafur J., et al. “Factors that affect the nutritional status of the elderly”. Latin American Journal of Hypertension5 (2018).
- Rojas S., et al. “Consumption of nutraceuticals, an alternative in the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases”. Biosalud Magazine2 (2015): 91-103.
- “Ministry of Health and Social Protection”. RIEN energy and nutrient intake recommendations for the Colombian population. Bogotá DC (2016).
- “Colombian Institute of Family Welfare - ICBF, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)”. Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for the Colombian population over the age of two (2015).
- Cereda E. “Mini nutritional assessment”. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 1 (2012): 29-41.
- Monsalvo J and González L. “Design of a frequency questionnaire to evaluate food intake at the University of Antioquia, Colombia”. Nutricion Hospitalaria 6 (2011): 1333-1344.
- Colombian Institute of Family Welfare. Food-based dietary guidelines for the Colombian population over 2 years of age (2021).
- Governorate of Antioquia. “Food and Nutritional Profile of Antioquia 2019” (2019).
- Prada G., et al. “Photographic atlas of portions to quantify food and nutrient consumption in Santander, Colombia”. Santander: Industrial University of Santander (2011).
- Academic group Food consumption. Reprinted List of exchanges. School of Nutrition and Dietetics. 5th Medellín: University of Antioquia (2018).
- University of Antioquia. UdeA Biosegura Course: at the U and at home we take care of ourselves Udearroba (2021).
- Restrepo M., et al. “Technique for taking anthropometric measurements”. 3rd. edition. Medellín: Nutritional Care Center (2006).
- Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), National Center for Health Statistics, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, USA (2021).
- Ruilope L., et al. “Obesity and hypertension in Latin America: Current perspectives”. Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular 2 (2018): 70-76.
- Barry A., et al. “Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Older Adults”. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 9 (2016): 1074-1081.
- Santos de Oliveira L., et al. “Health-related quality of life of institutionalized older adults: Influence of physical, nutritional and self-perceived health status”. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 92 (2021): 104278.
- Basulto J., et al. “Definition and characteristics of a healthy diet” (2013).
- Closs VE., et al. “Description and association with energy, macronutrients and micronutrients intake” (2014).
- Arriaga G. “Food insecurity and diet quality in older adults in four rural communities in the state of Morelos” (2014).
- Gómez G., et al. “Diet quality and diversity in eight Latin American countries: Results of the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS)”. Nutrients (2019).
- Sousa AG and Da Costa THM. “Assessment of Nutrient and Food Group Intakes across Sex, Physical Activity, and Body Mass Index in an Urban Brazilian Population”. Nutrients11 (2018): 1714.
- Kantor ED., et al. “Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among US Adults From 1999-2012”. JAMA14 (2016): 1464-1474.
- Gahche JJ., et al. “Dietary Supplement Use Was Very High among Older Adults in the United States in 2011-2014”. The Journal of Nutrition (2017).
- Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology. “Nutrition in the elderly- Guide to good clinical practice in geriatrics” (2013).
- González C Natalia., et al. “Characterization of food and nutrient intake in Chilean older adults”. chil. Nourish (2016).
- Rosaura F. “Milk and dairy products: dietary sources of calcium” (2015).
- Luna R. “Standard and polymeric versus standard diet in the nutritional status of the geriatric patient with frailty”. Revista Medicina Instituto Mexicano Seguro Social (2016).
- Sebastián G., et al. “Nutritional supplements in cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: literature review”. Acta Neurológica Colombiana (2017).
- Ricardo R and Ivan Armando O. “The role of nutrition in the prevention and management of sarcopenia in the elderly”. Nutrition Clinica in Medicine (2018).
- María C., et al. “Mediterranean diet and vitamin D as potential preventive factors of cognitive decline”. Revista Médica Clínica Las Condes (2016).
- Alvarado-García A., et al. “Nutrition in the elderly: an opportunity for nursing care”. univ (2017).