Physiological Effects of Single Bout of Moderate and High Intensity Interval Exercise on Selective Attention in Young Adults
Farida Ahmad1*, Musarrat Zahra2, Zubia Shah3, Fatma Zulfiqar4, Afsheen Mahmood5 and Fida Muhammad Zulfiqar6
1Department of Medical Physiology, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar,
2Department of Physiology, Gajju Khan Medical College, Swabi, Pakistan
3MBBS, PhD Physiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical
University, Peshawar, Pakistan
4Department of Community Medicine, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan
5Department of Physiology, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan
6Clinical Pathologist, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Farida Ahmad, Department of Medical Physiology, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan.
September 01, 2022; Published:September 19, 2022
Objectives: The primary objective of the study was to determine the effect of moderate intensity exercise and high intensity interval exercise on selective attention.
Methodology: This experimental study was conducted at Khyber Girls Medical College Peshawar from September 2020 to February 2021. A total 34 young adults were recruited who were called for two experimental sessions. During 1st experimental session, participants performed moderate intensity exercise of 15 minutes. Forward digit span test were done both before and after exercise. They were then called after one week for 2nd experimental session. Same steps were carried out but this time they performed high intensity interval exercise. The High intensity interval exercise consisted of one minute of low intensity alternating with one minute of high intensity exercise.
Results: The mean age of participants was 20 ± 2 years, body mass index (BMI) was 23 ± 4 kg/m2 and mean waist hip ratio was 0.81 ± 0.05. After 15 minutes of high intensity interval exercise, selective attention was significantly improved (P = 0.001).
Conclusions: A single session of High intensity interval exercise was more effective at improving selective attention as compared to moderate exercise.
Keywords: High Intensity Interval Exercise; Selective Attention; Young Adults
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