Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 10

Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Taif City Residents about Seasonal Influenza and Influenza Vaccine Immunization

Osama Abdulaziz*

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Osama Abdulaziz, Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Received: September 02, 2022; Published: September 16, 2022

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study is to assess public knowledge, attitudes, awareness, and practices about seasonal flu and influenza vaccine in Taif City. The most effective way to avoid catching the flu and its complications is to be vaccinated. The study aims to evaluate public awareness of the benefits of influenza vaccinations and look into any barriers that may prevent people from getting the shot.

Objective: To investigate the beliefs, attitudes, sources of knowledge, level of awareness about seasonal influenza vaccine in people living in Taif- Saudi Arabia.

Methods: We used a questionnaire that was circulated online through social media to adult males and females in Taif to conduct a community-based cross-sectional study. Google forum was used, and data were collected and analysed using Microsoft excel.

Results: The study included 1053 participants; only 51.5% of the participants had received the flu vaccine. Out of them, 32.5% take the vaccine annually and 72.9% don’t have any side effects or immune reactions. Only 26.7% of then got influenza after the vaccine, whereas 44.1% said that the social media are the best way to raise awareness about the flu vaccine. Only 11.2% had allergy from the food mainly from the egg. Around half of them know that the vaccine changed every year due to mutation of the virus.

Conclusion: This study showed a low percentage of influenza vaccination, despite the fact that the majority of respondents claimed they were worried about influenza and thought the vaccine was effective. Additional initiatives are required to raise public knowledge of the benefits of influenza vaccination.

Keywords: Influenza; Influenza Vaccine; Public Awareness

References

  1. Green WD and Beck MA. “Obesity impairs the adaptive immune response to influenza virus”. Annals of the American Thoracic Society5 (2017): S406-409.
  2. Dunmire SK., et al. “Primary epstein-barr virus infection”. Journal of Clinical Virology 102 (2018): 84-92.
  3. Su JM., et al. “Formation and function of liquid-like viral factories in negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus infections”. Viruses1 (2021): 126.
  4. Kumar V. “Influenza in children”. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics2 (2017): 139-143.
  5. Nath Neerukonda S., et al. “Neutralizing antibodies targeting the conserved stem region of influenza hemagglutinin”. Vaccines 3 (2020): 382.
  6. Harding AT and Heaton NS. “Efforts to improve the seasonal influenza vaccine”. Vaccines2 (2018): 19.
  7. Nuwarda RF., et al. “An overview of influenza viruses and vaccines”. Vaccines9 (2021): 1032.
  8. Wilkins AL., et al. “AS03-and MF59-adjuvanted influenza vaccines in children”. Frontiers in Immunology 8 (2017): 1760.
  9. Smetana J., et al. “Influenza vaccination in the elderly”. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics3 (2018): 540-549.
  10. Wallis J., et al. “Novel approaches for the design, delivery and administration of vaccine technologies”. Clinical and Experimental Immunology2 (2019): 189-204.
  11. Yamayoshi S and Kawaoka Y. “Current and future influenza vaccines”. Nature Medicine2 (2019): 212-220.
  12. Pawelec G and McElhaney J. “Recent advances in influenza vaccines”. F1000Research 9 (2020).
  13. Wang Q., et al. “Influenza vaccination coverage of population and the factors influencing influenza vaccination in mainland China: A meta-analysis”. Vaccine 48 (2018): 7262-7269.
  14. Hu RX., et al. “Associations of ageism and health: a systematic review of quantitative observational studies”. Research on Aging7-8 (2021): 311-322.
  15. Blanchard Rohner G and Eberhardt CS. “Review of maternal immunisation during pregnancy: focus on pertussis and influenza”. Swiss Medical Weekly 147 (2017): w14526.
  16. Schmid P., et al. “Barriers of influenza vaccination intention and behavior–a systematic review of influenza vaccine hesitancy, 2005-2016”. PloS One1 (2017): e0170550.
  17. Dini G., et al. “Influenza vaccination in healthcare workers: A comprehensive critical appraisal of the literature”. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics3 (2018): 772-789.
  18. Zaraket H., et al. “Review of seasonal influenza vaccination in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Policies, use and barriers”. Journal of Infection and Public Health3 (2020): 377-384.
  19. Fournet N., et al. “Under-vaccinated groups in Europe and their beliefs, attitudes and reasons for non-vaccination; two systematic reviews”. BMC Public Health1 (2018): 1-7.
  20. Kilich E., et al. “Factors that influence vaccination decision-making among pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. PloS One7 (2020): e0234827.
  21. Wang TL., et al. “Mandatory influenza vaccination for all healthcare personnel: a review on justification, implementation and effectiveness”. Current Opinion in Pediatrics5 (2017): 606-615.
  22. Thomas RE and Lorenzetti DL. “Interventions to increase influenza vaccination rates of those 60 years and older in the community”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 5 (2018).
  23. Gallagher MC., et al. “Influenza Vaccination and Healthcare Personnel Compliance”. Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases1 (2020): 71-6.
  24. Alalag ZA., et al. “A comprehensive review of drivers influencing flu vaccine acceptance in the Middle East over the last six years: using Health Belief Model”. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice1 (2022): 5-16.
  25. Van Hooste WL and Bekaert M. “To be or not to be vaccinated? The ethical aspects of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20 (2019): 3981.

Citation

Citation: Osama Abdulaziz. “Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Taif City Residents about Seasonal Influenza and Influenza Vaccine Immunization". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.10 (2022): 03-08.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Osama Abdulaziz. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is November 30, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US