Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 9

Determinants of Anemia Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Bale-robe Town Health Facilities, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia: A Case-control Study

Mohammed Hasen Badeso1*, Falaho Sani Kalili2, Mohammed Seid Abdulle3 and Tuji Mohammed HajiSani4

1Public Health Emergency Management Coordinator, East Bale Zonal Health Department, Ginnir, Ethiopia
2Negelle Borena Health Science College, Oromia Regional State, Negelle Borena, Ethiopia
3Public Health Emergency Management, West Harerghe Zonal Health Department, Chiro, Ethiopia
4Orthopaedic and Traumatology Surgery Resident, St. Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Hasen Badeso, Public Health Emergency Management Coordinator, East Bale Zonal Health Department, Ginnir, Ethiopia.

Received: July 14, 2022; Published: August 17, 2022

Abstract

Objective: In Ethiopia, the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women differs geographically and ranged from 15.8% to 56.8%. The objective of this study is to identify the determinants of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in health facilities of Bale-Robe Town, Southeast Ethiopia.

Design: A facility-based case-control study.

Setting: one hospital and one health center in Bale-Robe, Southeast Ethiopia.

Participants: A total of 282 pregnant women participated in the study (141 cases and 141 controls). Cases were pregnant women with altitude adjusted hemoglobin value < 11.0 g/dl at the first and third trimesters, and < 10.5 g/dl at second trimester. Controls were pregnant women with hemoglobin value ≥ than 11.0 g/dl at first and third trimesters, and ≥ 10.5 g/dl at second trimester.

Measures: A structured and pretested questionnaire used to collect data. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the determinants of anemia. Determinants were categorized as sociodemographic and economic, obstetric and medical, and dietary intake and behavioral.

Results: Housewife occupation (AOR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.12-3.92), prolonged menstrual bleeding (AOR = 2.33, 95% CI = 1.38-3.92) and undernutrition (AOR = 4.03, 95% CI = 1.38-11.83) were factors significantly associated with anemia in pregnant women.

Conclusion: Housewife occupation, prolonged menstrual bleeding and malnutrition were the determinants of anemia in pregnant women. Hence, anemia prevention and control strategy in pregnant women should include adequate dietary intake and strengthening nutritional counselling for pregnant women during antenatal care is also required by health care provider.

 

Keywords: Anemia; Pregnancy; Antenatal Clinic; Case Control; Bale-robe

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Citation

Citation: Mohammed Hasen Badeso., et al. “Determinants of Anemia Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Bale-robe Town Health Facilities, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia: A Case-control Study". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.9 (2022): 39-48.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Mohammed Hasen Badeso., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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