Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 8

Determination of Food Addiction and Mindful Eating in Overweight and Obese Adults

Cansu DÖLEK1 and M Ali CEBİRBAY2*

1MSc Dietician, Cansu Dölek Nutrition and Diet Counseling Center, Konya, Turkey
2Faculty of Health Science, Nutrition and Dietetic Department, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

*Corresponding Author: M Ali CEBİRBAY, Faculty of Health Science, Nutrition and Dietetic Department, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Received: July 11, 2022; Published: July 27, 2022

Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the food addiction and mindful eating in overweight and obese adults.

Method: The research was designed as a survey model to determine the food addiction and mindful eating of 592 overweight and obese adults living in Konya, Turkey. The data were obtained by a survey that included demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, eating habits, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) and the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-30).

Results: Eating addiction was found in to be available for 76.4% of participants. Food addiction was found 58.0% in women and 42.0% in men. Food addiction did not differ between gender and BMI (p>0.05). All MEQ-30 scores except awareness and eating discipline and total score was associated with food addiction (p = 0.000). Due to the food addiction in high triggering overeating desire results among groups were found 81.4%, 70.6%, 66.4%, 50.0%, and 45.8% in sweetened snacks (p = 0.098), fast food (p = 0.042), cereals (p = 0.886), meat and products (p = 0.038), and fruits (p = 0.011), respectively. YFAS symptoms affected (B = 0.942) total MEQ-30 scores (p = 0.000), but BMI did not correlate with YFAS (p = 0.626) and MEQ-30 scores (p = 0.721).

Conclusion: The results showed that mindful eating is related to the food addiction, and it can be a key role as a strategy in weight management. High sugar, fat and ultra-processed foods can trigger overeating and it should be gain and sustain healthy eating behaviors.

Keywords: Food Addiction; Mindful Eating; Obesity; BMI; Overeating

References

  1. Adams RC., et al. “Food Addiction: Implications for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Overeating”. Nutrients 9 (2019): 2086.
  2. Meule A., et al. “Food Addiction and Bulimia Nervosa”. European Eating Disorders Review 5 (2014): 331-337.
  3. Gearhardt AN., et al. “An examination of food addiction in a racially diverse sample of obese patients with binge eating disorder in primary care settings”. Comprehensive Psychiatry5 (2013): 500-505.
  4. Gearhardt AN., et al. “An examination of the food addiction construct in obese patients with binge eating disorder”. International Journal of Eating Disorders5 (2012): 657-663.
  5. Linardon J and Messer M. “Assessment of food addiction using the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 in individuals with binge-eating disorder symptomatology: Factor structure, psychometric properties, and clinical significance”. Psychiatry Research 279 (2019): 216-221.
  6. Pivarunas B and Conner BT. “Impulsivity and emotion dysregulation as predictors of food addiction”. Eating Behaviors 19 (2015): 9-14.
  7. Mies GW., et al. “The prevalence of food addiction in a large sample of adolescents and its association with addictive substances”. Appetite 118 (2017): 97-105.
  8. Cassin SE., et al. “Psychosocial Interventions for Food Addiction: a Systematic Review”. Current Addiction Reports 1 (2020): 9-19.
  9. Sevinçer GM., et al. “Food addiction and the outcome of bariatric surgery at 1-year: Prospective observational study”. Psychiatry Research 244 (2016): 159-164.
  10. Leary M., et al. “Current Intervention Treatments for Food Addiction: A Systematic Review”. Behavioral Sciences6 (2021): 80.
  11. Najem J., et al. “Prevalence of food addiction and association with stress, sleep quality and chronotype: A cross-sectional survey among university students”. Clinical Nutrition 2 (2020): 533-539.
  12. Dalen J., et al. “Pilot study: Mindful Eating and Living (MEAL): weight, eating behavior, and psychological outcomes associated with a mindfulness-based intervention for people with obesity”. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 6 (2010): 260-264.
  13. Miller CK., et al. “Comparison of a mindful eating intervention to a diabetes self-management intervention among adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial”. Health Education and Behavior 2 (2014): 145-154.
  14. Warren JM., et al. “A structured literature review on the role of mindfulness, mindful eating and intuitive eating in changing eating behaviours: effectiveness and associated potential mechanisms”. Nutrition Research Reviews 2 (2017): 272-283.
  15. Kitis C and Cebirbay MA. “Determination of Eating Attitude and Mindful Eating Scores of Patients in Turkey”. Progress in Nutrition 1 (2022): e2022031-e2022031.
  16. Turkey Dietary Guideline. “Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Health Public Health Acency” (2016).
  17. org-DSM V
  18. Gearhardt AN., et al. “Preliminary validation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale”. Appetite 2 (2009): 430-436.
  19. Buyuktuncer Z., et al. “Turkish version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale: preliminary results of factorial structure, reliability, and construct validity”. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 38 (2019): 42.
  20. Framson C., et al. “Development and validation of the mindful eating questionnaire”. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 8 (2009): 1439-1444.
  21. Köse G., et al. “Adaptation Study of the Mindful Eating Questiıonnare (MEQ) into Turkish”. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research3 (2018): 125-125.
  22. Hulbert-Williams L., et al. “Initial Validation of the Mindful Eating Scale”. Mindfulness 6 (2014): 719-729.
  23. Kerin JL., et al. “Intuitive, mindful, emotional, external and regulatory eating behaviours and beliefs: An investigation of the core components”. Appetite 132 (2019): 139-146.
  24. Mantzios M. “(Re)defining mindful eating into mindful eating behaviour to advance scientific enquiry”. Nutrition and Health 4 (2021): 367-371.
  25. Kaya Cebioğlu İ., et al. “Food addiction among university students: The effect of mindful eating”. Appetite 177 (2022): 106133.
  26. Yu Z., et al. “Sex differences in disordered eating and food addiction among college students”. Appetite 129 (2018): 12-18.
  27. Yu Z and Tan M. “Disordered Eating Behaviors and Food Addiction among Nutrition Major College Students”. Nutrients11 (2016): 673.
  28. Ayaz A., et al. “How does food addiction influence dietary intake profile?” PLOS ONE4 (2018): e0195541.
  29. Richmond RL., et al. “The association of addictive-like eating with food intake in children”. Appetite 117 (2017): 82-90.
  30. Pedram P., et al. “Food Addiction: Its Prevalence and Significant Association with Obesity in the General Population”. PLOS ONE9 (2013): e74832.
  31. Lemeshow AR., et al. “Food and beverage consumption and food addiction among women in the Nurses’ Health Studies”. Appetite 121 (2018): 186-197.
  32. Burrows T., et al. “Food addiction and associations with mental health symptoms: a systematic review with meta-analysis”. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics4 (2018): 544-572.
  33. Polk SE., et al. “Wanting and liking: Separable components in problematic eating behavior?” Appetite 115 (2017): 45-53.
  34. Keser A., et al. “A new insight into food addiction in childhood obesity”. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics 57 (2015): 219-224.
  35. Curtis C and Davis C. “A Qualitative Study of Binge Eating and Obesity From an Addiction Perspective”. Eating Disorders1 (2014): 19-32.
  36. Meseri R and Akanalci C. “Food addiction: A key factor contributing to obesity?”. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 25 (2020): 71.
  37. Lin YS., et al. “Food Addiction Mediates the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Body Mass Index in Taiwan Young Adults”. Nutrients 7 (2020): 1951.
  38. Schulte EM., et al. “A cross-sectional examination of reported changes to weight, eating, and activity behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic among United States adults with food addiction”. Appetite 168 (2022): 105740.
  39. Pursey KM., et al. “Foods and dietary profiles associated with ‘food addiction’ in young adults”. Addictive Behaviors Reports 2 (2015): 41-48.
  40.  

Citation

Citation: Cansu DÖLEK and M Ali CEBİRBAY. “Determination of Food Addiction and Mindful Eating in Overweight and Obese Adults".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.8 (2022): 100-107.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Cansu DÖLEK and M Ali CEBİRBAY. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 10, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US