Benkhadir Farouk Ahmed1*, Gnezdilova Larisa Alexandrovna2 and Lazarev Dmitry Ivanovich3
1Post-Graduate Student, Chair of Diagnosis of Diseases, Therapy, Ob- stetrics and Reproduction of Animals, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnolog-MVA named after K.I. Scriabin, Moscow
2Head, Chair of Diagnosis of Diseases, Therapy, Obstetrics and Reproduction of Animals, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology-MVA named after K.I. Scriabin, Moscow
3Staff Scientist, Center of Reproduction of Horses, JSC “Hartley Horse House’, Moscow Region, Shakhov- skoy District, V. Starikovo, Moscow
*Corresponding Author: Benkhadir Farouk Ahmed, Post-Graduate Student, Chair of Diagnosis of Diseases, Therapy, Ob- stetrics and Reproduction of Animals, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnolog-MVA named after K.I. Scriabin, Moscow.
Received: June 08, 2022; Published: July 07, 2022
The results of complete evaluation of the mare keeping system at the Hartley Horse House’ breed- ing center, Moscow Region, the monitoring of their condition after insemination and the diagnosis by ultrasound of gestation are presented. The animals are kept in good sanitary and hygienic conditions: indoor air temperature is 4-5 °C, rela- tive air humidity - 75%, air movement speed - 0.3 m/s, the illumination - 150 LX. The quality of the feed according to the main parameters corre- sponds to the average standard with the exception of slightly increased fiber content. As a result of blood tests on pregnant mares an increase in the number of eosinophils has been found, - on aver- age in the group - 7 ± 1.85% and slight decrease in segmented neutrophil index - on average in the group - 39 ± 2.21%. All biochemical parameters of the blood serum of the mares in the first gestation period are in accordance with physiological norms, except for an increase in the level of alkaline phos- phatase in the blood serum - 417.11 ± 22.28 u/l. Ultrasound surveillance of mares gestation has shown the possibility of monitoring its performance: 14-16 days after insemination, a 15 mm fetal egg is visualized in the right uterine horn; 30 days after the insemination, a developing embryo is visual- ized. On the 65-70th day after the insemination, it is possible to determine the sex of the future foal with an accuracy of 90%. For more effective organ- ization the reproduction of horses in the breeding centers, it is necessary to carry out a complete evaluation of keeping and feeding the mares with an analysis of the structure of the diet and feed quality, to assess clinical condition of animals after the insemination, to use the method of transrectal ultrasound for early diagnosis of gestation and morphometric and functional embryonic develop- ment.
Keywords: Mares; Reproduction; Ultrasonic Diagnostics; Monitoring
Citation: Benkhadir Farouk Ahmed., et al. “Ultrasound Diagnosis of Pregnancy, Monitoring of Mares’ Physiological State". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.8 (2022): 18-21.
Copyright: © 2022 Benkhadir Farouk Ahmed., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.