Jhainieiry Cordeiro Famelli Ferret, Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco and Marcelo Picinin Bernuci*
Postgraduate Program in Health Promotion, Cesumar University (UNICESUMAR), Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Marcelo Picinin Bernuci, Postgraduate Program in Health Promotion, Cesumar University (UNICESUMAR), Brazil.
Received: June 22, 2022;; Published: July 07, 2022
Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a disorder associated with multiple states of health problems with high prevalence in the adult population worldwide. In view of this, lifestyle modification and weight loss should be considered as the first step in preventing or treating MS. However, people prone to developing MS, notably those with excess weight, are resistant to adhering to one or more of the self-care recommendations, such as medication use, physical activity, and healthy eating. Studies have shown that these people's lack of knowledge about the risk and protective factors of MS contribute to non-adherence to a healthy lifestyle and evoke the need to develop more effective health education strategies. Thus, the aim of the present study was to develop an instrument to assess people's knowledge of the relationship between obesity and the development of MS. To develop the instrument's questions, a search was carried out in journals indexed in the PubMed databases, using the descriptors “metabolic syndrome” and “obesity”. After reviewing all literature data, 40 questions were created. The answers to the affirmatives of the questions were made using the Likert-type measurement scale. The 40 questions of the instrument were divided into three dimensions: a) Knowledge about obesity and related diseases; b) Knowledge about risk factors and c) Knowledge about protective factors. The instrument was valid in a population of adults (n = 53) whose sociodemographic data were used to analyze the factors that may influence the responses to the questionnaire. A superior performance in the answers obtained in the applied questionnaire was positively correlated with the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, such as education level and racial ethnic profile. The instrument has a suitable structure to assess aspects of knowledge about the relationship between obesity, lifestyle, and MS.
Keywords: Health Education; Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases; Health Promotion
Citation: Marcelo Picinin Bernuci., et al. “Proposal of an Instrument to Assess the Level of Knowledge of Adults About the Relationship Between Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.8 (2022): 12-17.
Copyright: © 2022 Marcelo Picinin Bernuci., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.