Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 7

Evaluation of the Nutritional Status by Astrometry of Adults in Three Districts of the Commune of Matoto

Ousmane Sangare1*, Fatoumata Bah2 and Ahmed Guisse3

1Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences of the Ecole Supérieure du Tourism et de l’Hôtellerie, Conakry, Guinea
2Department of Biology, Julius Nyerere of Kankan/Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Innovation, Guinea
3Department of Hydrobiology, Rogbane Scientific Research Center (CERESCOR)/Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Innovation, Guinea

*Corresponding Author: Ousmane Sangare, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences of the Ecole Supérieure du Tourism et de l’Hôtellerie, Conakry, Guinea.

Received: April 27, 2022; Published: June 24, 2022

Abstract

The comparative study of the nutritional status of men and women by anthropometry of a sample of the adult population of the commune of Matoto (Yimbaya, Matoto Centre, Gbessia), constitutes a public health problem to which the adult population of the city of Conakry is confronted such as: inadequate food which can lead to either overweight, or a deficit or even micronutrient deficiencies.

Indeed, it is a descriptive cross-sectional study of adults aged from 19 to 59 from different occupations living in the Commune of Matoto (Matoto Centre, Yimbaya and Gbessia), carried out from May 6 to July 17, 2021.

This is why we have set ourselves the objective of making a comparison between the nutritional status of men and that of women in certain districts of the Commune of Matoto in order to determine the causes related to malnutrition and to propose a resolution on the various health problems facing this current adult population. The study focused on the nutritional status of 575 participants, which was determined by measuring their BMI. On this sample, a survey sheet allowed us to then determine the occupations, the levels of physical activity and consumption of Fruits and Vegetables of Guinea. The analysis of the data collected showed that men were much more affected by underweight compared to women, equivalent to 11.41% against 2.89%.

The percentage of men with a normal nutritional status was higher than that of women. It was 68.48% for men against 42.51% for women. Overweight and obesity were more observed in women than in men, equivalent to 33.33% overweight and 20.77% obesity in women and 16.53% overweight and 3.53% obesity in men. Among the 207 women surveyed 0.00% were athletic, 82.61% active and 17.39% were sedentary. In contrast, on the 368 men surveyed, 11.96% were athletic, 83.2% active and only 4.62% sedentary.

Regarding the distribution of men and women according to the occupation, it follows that among normal weight men, the percentages were: pupils: 22.22%, students: 17.86% and civil servants: 15.88%. The obese, pupils: 0.00%, students: 8.33% and civil servants: 33.33%. Overweight, pupils: 3.28%, students: 9.84% and civil servants: 27.87%.

As for women, among normal weight, pupils are at 17.08%, female students: 11.36% and civil servants: 3.41%. Overweight, pupils: 7.25%, female students: 5.75% and civil servants: 5.79%. In obese, students: 6.67%, civil servants: 6.67% and housewives: 10%. For the consumption of fruits and vegetables, men consumed more than women.

Keywords: Nutritional Status; BMI; Adults

References

  1. Fight against hunger today to overcome obesity tomorrow. FAO, Newsroom, Latest news (2004).
  2. Algorithms for the diagnosis and management of undernutrition in adults, children, the elderly, people in intensive care (and their instructions for use).
  3. Diagnostic evaluation of protein-energy malnutrition in hospitalized adults (2003).
  4. Diagnosis of undernutrition and its risk factors Colleges of nutrition teachers
  5. Aboussaleh Y and Ahami AOT. “Comparison of adult anthropometric measurements by sex (2005).
  6. Aboussaleh Y., et al. “Weight and stature nutritional status of school preadolescents in the city and regions of Kenitra in Morocco”. Maghreb Medicine 145 (2007): 21
  7. Detsky AS., et al. “What is subjective global assessment of nutritional status?” Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 1 (1987): 8-13.
  8. Durnin JVWJ. “Body fat assessment from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years”. British Journal of Nutrition 32 (1974): 77-97.
  9. Heymsfield SB and Williams PJ. “Nutritional assessment by clinical and biochemical methods”. In: ME Shils, Young VR. Modern nutrition in health and disease. Philadelphia, 7th Lea and Febiger (1988): 817-860.
  10. “Nutritional deficiencies: etiologies and screening (collect. Expertise Collective); Editions Inserm, Paris. (Coll. Expertise Collective), Editions Inserm, Paris 346 (1999): 105-147
  11. Lukaski HCBW., et al. “Estimation of fat free mass in humans using the bioelectrical impedance method: a validation study”. Journal of Applied Physiology 60 (1986): 1327-1332.
  12. Body mass index - A measure of chronic energy deficiency in adults. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 56 (1994).
  13. Nutritional evaluation. FAO. Nutrition and consumer protection.
  14. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. “Tracking Progress: Towards the Achievement of the World Food Summit and Millennium Goals (FAO-SOFI) (2004).
  15. Nutrition and development: a global challenge - adapted from Nutrition and development - a global assessment, prepared by FAO and WHO for the International Conference on Nutrition (1992).
  16. Robert P. “The new little robert of the French language, ed Josette Rey-debove (2007).
  17. Guigoz Y and Vellas B. “Test for assessing the nutritional status of adults: the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Med hyg (1995): 1965-1969.
  18. Health passport of 2016.

Citation

Citation: Ousmane Sangare., et al. “Evaluation of the Nutritional Status by Astrometry of Adults in Three Districts of the Commune of Matoto". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.7 (2022): 79-90.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Ousmane Sangare., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 10, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US