Drivers and Pattern of Fertilizer Usage Among Cereal-Based Farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria
Olatunji Olanrewaju Solomon* and Akanbi Sheu-Usaman Oladipo
Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Olatunji Olanrewaju Solomon, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
April 25, 2022; Published:
This paper presents the result of a study initiated to examine the pattern and determinants of fertilizer usage by smallholder cereal-based farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. A randomize sampling technique was employed to select representative of cereal-crop farmers for the study. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 200 cereal-crop farmers and data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordinary least square (OLS) regression. The result showed that the mean age of the cereal-crop farmers in the study area was 49.7 years.The result further showed that 91.5% of the cereal-crop farmers interviewed were men and mean household size was 6 persons per household. Majority (77.6%) claimed to be using inorganic fertilizer. The result shows that household size, access to credit, cost of fertilizer, distance to point of purchase and marital status were statistically significant at 10%, 1%, 1%, 1% and 10% respectively. This study concluded that the farmer’ inability to meet up with the recommended fertilizer-use affected the yield response of the cereal-based farms. It is therefore recommended that a more sustainable fertilizer support programme be designed by the government for the farmers; the existing fertilizer programme should be strengthened towards crop-specific fertilizer use (inorganic or organic-based).
Keywords: Drivers; Pattern; Cereal-Based Farmers; Determinants; Fertilizer Usage
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