Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 3

Quality Evaluation of the Physical Properties and Phytochemicals of Selected Date Palm New Strain Grown under Nag Hamady Conditions

Rasha N. Arafa1*, Sayed A. A. Elsayh2, Ghada A. Ali1, Rabab W. El Aramany1 and E. H. El-Bassel2

1Central Lab of Date Palm Researches and Development, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
2Fruit Breeding Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt

*Corresponding Author: Rasha N. Arafa, Central Lab of Date Palm Researches and Development, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt.

Received: December 28, 2021; Published: February 17, 2022


It is considered that the date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) was one of the first crops to be farmed in the Middle East, dating back thousands of years. The current study aimed to assess the variations in the quality of the new strain of Nag Hamady and Medjool cultivar on the basis of physical characteristics and chemicals properties. There was conducting research on date palm fruits from a 30-year-old seedling tree in Nag Hamady, Egypt. The results were compared to those of Medjool cv. in two consecutive seasons (2020 and 2021). A novel seedling strain's physical and chemical properties were the primary focus of this investigation. In compared the number of date/Kg, Medjool cv. recorded (110 kg/palm), however the maximum yield was seen in Nag Hamady 2 (250 kg/palm). When it comes to physical features like length, diameter, weight, and number of dates per kg, the Nag Hamady 2 had the greatest numbers, at 5.40 cm, 2.60 cm, 28.00g, and 38.00 dates per kg, while the Medjool had the lowest. Nag Hamady 2 has the best chemical characteristics, according to the results. The soluble solid content of a date palm fruit is 80.00 gm per 100 gm. There were 80.20 gm of carbs per 100 gm and 3.85 gm of protein per 100 gm. It was determined that the ash and fiber levels were 0.67 and 6.50 gm per 100 gm, respectively. The carbohydrate content was found to be high in glucose and fructose, and it was found to be free of sucrose. Due to its low level of crude lipids 0.50g/100g compared with content of sugar, date palm might be beneficial for cardiovascular and diabetic patients. There is the great calcium content in Nag Hamady 2 may be a good supply of calcium, which is required for healthy bone formation and energy metabolism. The date fruits are regarded to be a healthy diet rich in minerals and play an important function in the development of the immune system for humans because of the presence of these key components in the fruit.

Keywords: Date Palm; Chemical and Physical Properties; Carbohydrate; Minerals and Sugars


  1. Kamal-Eldin A., et al. “Processing and Utilization of Palm Date Fruits for Edible Applications”. Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition and Agriculture4.1 (2012): 78-86.
  2. Dillard CJ and German JB. “Phytochemicals: nutraceuticals and human health”. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 80 (2000): 1744-1756.
  3. Safi E B., et al. “Common date palm in Tunisia: chemical composition of pulp and pits”. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 43 (2008): 2033-2037.
  4. Mohammed AA. “Palm culture and production of dates In Sudan”. A country report, Palm and Dates Research Centre, Sudan (2000).
  5. Vishwakarma RK., et al. “Physical properties of guar seeds”. Food Bioprocess Technology4 (2012): 1364-1371.
  6. Ahmed AA., et al. “Mathematical model for some physical characteristics of smany and zaghloul date fruit varieties”. International Agricultural Engineering Journal3 (2019): 234-241.
  7. Cunningham J and Sobolewski R. “Food composition databases for nutrition labelling: Experience from Australia”. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis4-5 (2011): 682-685.
  8. Shaba EY., et al. “Nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits sold in major markets of Minna Niger State, Nigeria”. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry 9 (2015): 167-174.
  9. “Official Methods of Analysis of Association Official Agricultural Chemists, (12th Ed.). Washington, DC” (1975).
  10. Ismail B., et al. “Physico-chemical characteristics and total quality of five date varieties grown in the United Arab Emirates”. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 41 (2006): 919-926.
  11. Crisan EV and Sands A. “Nutrition value in: Biology and cultivation of Edibles Mushrooms, Eds., Chang, S. T. and W. A. Hayes”. New York, Academic Press (1978): 137-168.
  12. Singh RP., et al. “Studies on the Antioxidant Activity of Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Peel and Seed Extracts Using In vitro Models”. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry1 (2002): 81-86.
  13. Laurey S. “Protein structure core facility, Omaha, NE, 68 (1997): 198-4525.
  14. “Association of Official Agricultural Chemists”. Official Methods of Analysis. 15 Ed. Published by A.O.A.C. Washington, D.C., USA.
  15. Heckman M. “Collaborative study of a copper in feeds by atomic absorption spectrophotometry”. Journal - Association of Official Analytical Chemists 54 (1971): 666-668.
  16. Al-Barnawi HM. “Nutritional Composition of Protein Extract from Date Palm Fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) Cultivar Grown in Saudi Arabia”. SciFed Journal of Protein Science 1.1 (2018): 20-33.
  17. MSTAT Development Team. “MSTAT user’s guide: a microcomputer program for the design management and analysis of agronomic research experiments”. Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA (1989).
  18. Said A., et al. “Dates Quality Assessment of the Main Date Palm Cultivars Grown in Algeria”. Annual Research and Review in Biology 3 (2014): 487-499.
  19. Saeed IK and Yousof DE. “Nutritional changes in date fruits Barakawi cv. infested by date palm dust mite Oligonychus afrasiaticus measured by physical and chemical parameters”. Persian Gulf Crop Protection 3.1 (2014): 46-51.
  20. Sakr MM., et al. “Identification of some date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars by fruit characters”. Indian Journal Science Technology3 (2010): 338-342.
  21. Abdul-Hamida NA., et al. “Quality evaluation of the physical properties, phytochemicals, biological activities and proximate analysis of nine Saudi date palm fruit varieties”. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 19 (2020): 151-160.
  22. Afiq MA., et al. “Date seed and date seed oil”. International Food Research Journal5 (2013): 2035-2043.
  23. Samia MH. “Comparative Study of Some Semi-Dry Arabian Date Palm Cultivars Grown in Mounofia Governorate”. Egypt Journal of Agricultural Research4 (2016): 859-873.
  24. Amany., et al. “Economic and Numerical Evaluation of Some Date Palm Cultivars Grown in El-Wadi El-Jadid Governorate”. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants 12.2 (2020): 136-142.
  25. Iqbal M., et al. “Physio-chemical characteristics of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars at various maturity stages under environmental conditions of Dera Ismail khan”. Journal of Agricultural Research 49.2 (2011): 249-261.
  26. Osman SM. “Fruit quality and general evaluation of Zaghloul and Samany date palms cultivars grown under conditions of Aswan”. American Eurasian. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 2 (2008): 230-236.
  27. Ragab WS., et al. “Physical and Chemical Changes in Fruits of Three Dates Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) Grown in South Valley, EGYPT”. Journal of Food and Dairy Sciences Mansoura Univ 2.11 (2011): 605 - 615.
  28. Gado GBA. “Chemical and technological studies on some local date varieties”. MSc. Thesis, The Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences Univ. Egypt (1999).
  29. Alahyane A., et al. “Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of seventeen Moroccan date varieties and clones (Phoenix dactylifera)”. South African Journal of Botany 121 (2019): 402-409.
  30. El-Nakhal HM., et al. “Tamrheeb new protein rich product from dates”. Lebensmittel Wissenschaft und - Technologie3 (1988): 172-175.
  31. Parvin S., et al. “Nutritional Analysis of Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera) in Perspective of Bangladesh”. American Journal of Life Sciences 3.4 (2015): 274-278.
  32. Al-Mamary M., et al. “The in vitro antioxidant activity of different types of palm dates (Phoenix dactylifera) syrups”. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 7 (2014): 964-971.
  33. Nehdi I., et al. “Characteristics and chemical composition of date palm (Phoenix canariensis) seeds and seed oil”. Industrial Crops and Products3 (2010): 360-365.
  34. Gadalla EG. “Behavior study of some Arabian Date Palm Cultivars Produced through Tissue Culture grown under Al Saff region - Giza Governorate”. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 8 (2013): 436-453.
  35. Rastegar S., et al. “Enzyme activity and biochemical changes of three date palm cultivars with different softening pattern during ripening”. Food Chemistry3 (2012): 1279-1286.
  36. Rambabu K., et al. “Nutritional Quality and Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Selected Date Fruit Varieties of the United Arab Emirates”. Processes256 (2020): 1-11.
  37. El-Sohaimy SA and Hafez EE. “Biochemical and nutritional characterizations of date palm fruits (Phoenix dactylifera)”. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 6.8 (2010): 1060-1067.
  38. Amen A., et al. “Evaluation of Sewy Date Palm Productivity under Different Climatic Conditions”. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1 (2018): 69-78.
  39. Souli I., et al. “Nutritional values and antioxidant activities of juice extracted from some Tunisian date varieties”. Journal of New Sciences6 (2016): 1976-1985.
  40. Vinita and Darshan P. “Nutritional composition of fruit of four date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) cultivars grown in Haryana, India”. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research 35.4 (2016): 331-334.
  41. Sadiq I., et al. “The nutritional evaluation and medicinal value of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)”. International Journal of Modern Chemistry 4 (2013): 147-154.
  42. Rawah BE. “Physico-chemical characteristics of some Sudanese date cultivars as affected by traditional storage methods”. A dissertation submitted to the University of Khartoum partial fulfillment of requirement of the degree of Master of Science in food science and technology (2007).
  43. Nadeem M., et al. “Quality evaluation of some Pakistani Date Varieties”. The Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 48 (2001): 305-313.
  44. Al-Farsi MA and Lee CY. “Nutritional and functional properties of dates: A review”. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 48 (2008): 877-887.
  45. Haseeb GMM., et al. “Evaluation of Some Date Palm Seeded Trees Grown under El-Frafra Oasis Conditions”. Journal of Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants3 (2014): 161-169.
  46. Metwaly HA., et al. “Evaluation of some seeded date palm trees grown in Fayoum governorate”. A. Physical characteristics. 4th Conference on Recent Technologies in Agriculture (2009): 684-699.
  47. Salama ASM., et al. “Effect of magnesium fertilizer sources and rates on yield and fruit quality of date palm cv. Hayany under Ras-Sudr conditions”. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences2 (2014): 118-126.
  48. Ramadan BR. “Biochemical, nutritional and technological studies on dates”. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture - Assiut University, Egypt (1995).
  49. Khan MN., et al. “Physico-chemical characterization of date varieties using multivariate analysis of plums”. Food Chemistry 81 (2008): 321-326.
  50. Borchani C., et al. “Chemical properties of 11 date cultivars and their corresponding fiber extracts”. African Journal of Biotechnology26 (2010): 4096-4105.
  51. Liu S., et al. “A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake and risk of coronary heart disease in US women”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71 (2000): 1455-1461.
  52. Gromski PS., et al. “A tutorial review: Metabolomics and partial least squares-discriminant analysis- a marriage of convenience or a short gun marriage”. Analytica Chimica Acta 879 (2015): 10-23.
  53. Ramadan BR., et al. “Effect of some Treatments on Chemical Composition and Quality Properties of Saidy Date Fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) During Storage”. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences 47.5 (2016): 107-124.
  54. Shahdadi F., et al. “Study of phenolic compound and antioxidant activity of date fruit as a function of ripening stages and drying process”. Journal of Food Science and Technology 3 (2015): 1814-1819.
  55. Kchaou W., et al. “Effects of extraction solvents on phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of Tunisian date varieties (Phoenix dactylifera)”. Industrial Crops and Products 45 (2013): 262-269.
  56. Wu X., et al. “Lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidant capacities of common foods in the United States”. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52 (2004): 4026-4037.
  57. Louaileche H., et al. “Total Phenolic, Flavonoid Contents and in Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Algerian Date Palm Varieties: A Comparative Study”. American Journal of Food Science and Health 3 (2015): 63-68.
  58. Benmeziane-Derradji F. “Nutritional value, phytochemical composition, and biological activities of Middle Eastern and North African date fruit: an overview”. Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration 41 (2019): 39.
  59. Lima GPP., et al. “Polyphenols in fruits and vegetables and its effect on human health”. Food and Nutrition Sciences11 (2014): 1065-1082.
  60. Ishurd O., et al. “Protein and amino acids contents of Libyan dates at three stages of development”. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84 (2004): 481-484.
  61. Zhang CR., et al. “Health-benefits of date fruits produced in Saudi Arabia based on in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and human tumor cell proliferation inhibitory assays”. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 16 (2017): 287-293.
  62. Sayed SM. “Evaluation of some date palm cultivars grown under El-Minia region condition M. Sc. Thesis Fac. Agric. El-Minia Univ (1999).
  63. Al Juhaimi F., et al. “Physico-chemical properties and mineral contents of seven different date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) varieties growing from Saudi Arabia”. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 186.4 (2014): 2165-2170.
  64. Marmouzi I., et al. “Functional composition, antibacterial and antioxidative properties of oil and phenolics from Moroccan Pennisetum glaucum seeds”. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences3 (2018): 229-234.


Citation: Rasha N. Arafa., et al. “Quality Evaluation of the Physical Properties and Phytochemicals of Selected Date Palm New Strain Grown under Nag Hamady Conditions". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.3 (2022): 46-58.


Copyright: © 2022 Rasha N. Arafa., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US