Quality Evaluation of the Physical Properties and Phytochemicals of Selected Date Palm New Strain Grown in Nag Hamady Governorate
Rasha N. Arafa1*, Sayed A. A. Elsayh2 and Ghada A. Ali1
1Central Lab of Date Palm Researches and Development, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
2Fruit Breeding Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Rasha N. Arafa, Central Lab of Date Palm Researches and Development, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt.
December 28, 2021; Published: February 17, 2022
It is considered that the date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) was one of the first crops to be farmed in the Middle East, dating back thousands of years. The current study aimed to assess the variations in the quality of the new strain of Nag Hamady and Medjool cultivar on the basis of physical characteristics and chemicals properties. There was conducting research on date palm fruits from a 30-year-old seedling tree in Nag Hamady, Egypt. The results were compared to those of Medjool cv. in two consecutive seasons (2020 and 2021). A novel seedling strain's physical and chemical properties were the primary focus of this investigation. In compared the number of date/Kg, Medjool cv. recorded (110 kg/palm), however the maximum yield was seen in Nag Hamady 2 (250 kg/palm). When it comes to physical features like length, diameter, weight, and number of dates per kg, the Nag Hamady 2 had the greatest numbers, at 5.40 cm, 2.60 cm, 28.00g, and 38.00 dates per kg, while the Medjool had the lowest. Nag Hamady 2 has the best chemical characteristics, according to the results. The soluble solid content of a date palm fruit is 80.00 gm per 100 gm. There were 80.20 gm of carbs per 100 gm and 3.85 gm of protein per 100 gm. It was determined that the ash and fiber levels were 0.67 and 6.50 gm per 100 gm, respectively. The carbohydrate content was found to be high in glucose and fructose, and it was found to be free of sucrose. Due to its low level of crude lipids 0.50g/100g compared with content of sugar, date palm might be beneficial for cardiovascular and diabetic patients. There is the great calcium content in Nag Hamady 2 may be a good supply of calcium, which is required for healthy bone formation and energy metabolism. The date fruits are regarded to be a healthy diet rich in minerals and play an important function in the development of the immune system for humans because of the presence of these key components in the fruit.
Keywords: Date Palm; Chemical and Physical Properties; Carbohydrate; Minerals and Sugars
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