Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 3

Protein and Iron Intake Related to Growth Retardation and Anemia in Children Under 5 Years of Age, Ecuador

Amparito del Rosario Barahona Meneses*, Jacqueline Andrea Pozo Benavidez, Gladys Edelmira Morejón Jácome, Sara Rosales Rivadeneira, Kateryn Tixilima Aya

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Técnica del Norte, Ibarra, Ecuador

*Corresponding Author: Amparito del Rosario Barahona Meneses, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Técnica del Norte, Ibarra, Ecuador

Received: November 26, 2021; Published: February 09, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Children under 5 years of age constitute a group vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies, with iron deficiency anemia and chronic malnutrition being the main problems that afflict children in this population. The objective was to evaluate the relationship between the consumption of protein and iron, with growth retardation, and the presence of anemia in children from 3 to 5 years of age, in a community of Cotacachi belonging to Ecuador, 2020.

Material and Methods: descriptiveor cross-sectional study and correlation. The study population consisted of 184children. Protein and iron consumption was assessed through the application of a food consumption frequency questionnaire (CFCA). Hemoglobin values were obtained from the review of medical records, and growth retardation was assessed using the height for age indicator.

Results: 21.7% of the population presented growth retardation and 29.3% was identified with iron deficiency anemia; a relationship was found between growth retardation and the consumption of theanimal proteinsource, such as meat and dairy (p =< 0.05). A relationship was also found between the bgarlic consumption of foodsource of heminic iron with the presence of anemia (p = < 0.05).

Conclusions: Se encontró relationship between the consumption of food source of protein and iron of animal origin with the retardation of growth and iron deficiency anemia.

Keywords: Anemia; Chronic malnutrition; Protein; Iron; Ecuador

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Citation

Citation: Amparito del Rosario Barahona Meneses., et al. “Protein and Iron Intake Related to Growth Retardation and Anemia in Children Under 5 Years of Age, Ecuador". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.3 (2022): 03-09.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Amparito del Rosario Barahona Meneses., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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