Nutritional Status of Mother-Child Couple at Matoto Health Center, Conakry, Guinea
Ibrahima Kaba1, Fanta Touré1* and Ahmadou Sadio Diallo2
1Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences of the Ecole Supérieure du Tourisme et de l'Hôtellerie, Conakry, Guinea
2Department of Biology of Gamal Abdel Nasser University of Conakry, Guinea
*Corresponding Author: Fanta Touré, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences of the Ecole Supérieure du Tourisme et de l'Hôtellerie, Conakry, Guinea.
December 27, 2021; Published: January 31, 2022
Introduction: In Guinea there is insufficient information on the nutritional status of the mother-child couple.
Objective: To know the nutritional status of the mother-child couple at the Matoto Health Center (CSM).
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional, descriptive study from March 25 to May 27, 2019 that involved 202 mothers and 205 children. The data were collected by a questionnaire administered to mothers with a measure of anthropometric and biological parameters of mother-child couples. The sampling was exhaustive and concerned these couples seen at the CSM.
Results: The predominant age group of mothers was 21 - 40 years (74%), 34% were housewives, 36% out of school, 95% married and 83% monogamous. Most children were 0 to 5 months old (83%). 18% of mothers breastfed the child in 30 minutes postpartum, 82% after 30 minutes and 18% breastfed exclusively. The mothers had 6% thinness, 29% overweight, 6% obesity and 87% anemia. The children had undernutrition expressed by wasting (16%) and no obesity. 91% of emaciated children were weaned early. 20% of the children were anaemic. The socio-demographic factors of mothers that affected the nutritional status of children (wasting) were occupation (p = 0.0274) and level of education (p = 0.0435). The nutritional status of the mother expressed in thinness and hemoglobin levels did not influence that of the child.
Conclusion: Efforts to educate, promote breastfeeding and empower women could contribute to the reduction of malnutrition in Matotocommune.
Keywords: Nutritional Status; Anthropometry; Anemia; Mother-Child Couple; Health Center; Matoto
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