Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 2

Effect of Euclea divinorum Aqueous Leaf Extract in the Treatment of Coccidiosis in Broilers at the Poultry Unit, Federal College of Forestry Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Onuwa GC*

Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Onuwa GC, Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Received: October 30, 2021; Published: January 18, 2022

Abstract

The study was carried out to analyze the effect of Euclea divinorum Aqueous Leaf Extract in the Treatment of Coccidiosis in Broilers at the Poultry Unit, Federal College of Forestry Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Sixty (60) birds were experimentally infected with (5%, 10% 20% and 0%) solution of Euclea divinorum. The birds were divided into four groups T1, T2, T3, and T4, with three (3) replicates each. Duncan count was carried out at the end of the experiment for scoring of hemorrhage and data analysis using ANOVA. The phytochemical analysis of Euclea divinorum indicated the presence of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Saponins, Tannins, Phenol, Resin, Glycosides and Steriodal ring; which have been reported to have a retrogressive effects on micro-organisms. The chemical constituents of the plant extract indicated positive signs; however, Resin had a negative sign. The ANOVA result revealed significant differences among the different levels of inclusion; there is a significant difference at 5% (p > 0.05) level of probability in the birds treated with different levels of concentration of Euclea divinorum aqueous leaf extract. Treatments (T1), (T2), (T3) and (T4) reported mortality rates of 13.3% (2), 6.7% (1), 66.7% (10) and 80% (12), respectively, with gross mortality of twenty-five (25) birds. From the study, it is suggested that Euclea divinorum has great potentials in being used to control coccidiosis in broilers. Cultivation of Euclea divinorium; more support for research on using plant extracts for poultry disease control, subsidized vaccines and medical supplies, improved extension services for poultry farmers are strongly recommended.

Keywords: Broilers; Coccidiosis; Euclea divinorum; Leaf Extract; Treatment

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Citation

Citation: Onuwa GC. “Effect of Euclea divinorum Aqueous Leaf Extract in the Treatment of Coccidiosis in Broilers at the Poultry Unit, Federal College of Forestry Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 6.2 (2022): 23-28.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Onuwa GC. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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