Haider JCMC1*, Pellanda LC2 and Gonçalves JS3
1Health School, Rio dos Sinos Valley Universe, São Leopoldo/RS-BR, Brazil
2Rectory, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre/RS-BR, Brazil
3University Foundation of Cardiology, IC/FUC - Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Haider JCMC, Health School, Rio dos Sinos Valley Universe, São Leopoldo/RS-BR, Brazil.
Received: July 03, 2021; Published: October 08, 2021
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions, generating several lines of research on the associated risk factors, and an issue currently addressed is defective and poor quality sleep in children. Studies show a positive relationship between defective sleep and childhood obesity. Objectives: To verify if the quality of sleep can affect the nutritional status of children aged 0 to 6 years. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in two cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee (Protocol 4640/11). After signing the Free and Informed Consent Form (ICF), the parents received a questionnaire containing questions about life habits, together with the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), and also, for sleep assessment, the Sleep Quality Index of Pittsburg (PSQI-BR) adapted. Subsequently, an anthropometric assessment was performed. The analysis was performed using the SPSS version 18.0 statistical program. The prevalences are in the form of proportions with 95% confidence intervals. Results: The total sample of the study was 179 children. Of the total sample, 52% were female and 48% male. The average number of hours per night was 9.4 hours. The rate of overweight and obesity was 70%. As for the quality of sleep, 7.3% is classified as poor. Conclusion: The study verified whether the amount of hours of sleep in the sample appears to be insufficient for age, and may be related to the rate of overweight and obesity.
Keywords:Sleep; Nutritional Status; Child; Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Obesity
Citation: Haider JCMC., et al. “Sleeping Habits and Nutritional State of Pre-schools".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.11 (2021): 13-18.
Copyright: © 2021 Haider JCMC., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.