Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 11

Sleeping Habits and Nutritional State of Pre-schools

Haider JCMC1*, Pellanda LC2 and Gonçalves JS3

1Health School, Rio dos Sinos Valley Universe, São Leopoldo/RS-BR, Brazil
2Rectory, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre/RS-BR, Brazil
3University Foundation of Cardiology, IC/FUC - Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Haider JCMC, Health School, Rio dos Sinos Valley Universe, São Leopoldo/RS-BR, Brazil.

Received: July 03, 2021; Published: October 08, 2021



Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions, generating several lines of research on the associated risk factors, and an issue currently addressed is defective and poor quality sleep in children. Studies show a positive relationship between defective sleep and childhood obesity. Objectives: To verify if the quality of sleep can affect the nutritional status of children aged 0 to 6 years. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in two cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee (Protocol 4640/11). After signing the Free and Informed Consent Form (ICF), the parents received a questionnaire containing questions about life habits, together with the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), and also, for sleep assessment, the Sleep Quality Index of Pittsburg (PSQI-BR) adapted. Subsequently, an anthropometric assessment was performed. The analysis was performed using the SPSS version 18.0 statistical program. The prevalences are in the form of proportions with 95% confidence intervals. Results: The total sample of the study was 179 children. Of the total sample, 52% were female and 48% male. The average number of hours per night was 9.4 hours. The rate of overweight and obesity was 70%. As for the quality of sleep, 7.3% is classified as poor. Conclusion: The study verified whether the amount of hours of sleep in the sample appears to be insufficient for age, and may be related to the rate of overweight and obesity.

Keywords:Sleep; Nutritional Status; Child; Cardiovascular Risk Factor and Obesity



  1. Adair L. “Child and adolescent obesity: Epidemiology and development perspectives”. Physiology and Behavior 94 (2008): 8-16.
  2. Padez C., et al. “Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass índex from 1970-2002”. American Journal of Human Biology 16 (2004): 670-678.
  3. Taheri S. “The link between short sleep duration and obesity: we should recommend more sleep to prevent obesity”. Archives of Disease in Childhood 16 (2006): 881-884.
  4. Birch LL and Ventura AK. “Preventing childhood obesity: what works?” International Journal of Obesity (Lond) 33 (2009): S74-81.
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “Unhealthy sleep-related behaviors – 12 States, 2009”. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 8 (2011): 233-238.
  6. Chen X., et al. “Is sleep duration associated with childhood obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Obesity (Silver Spring)2 (2008): 265-274.
  7. Beccuti G and Pannain S. “Sleep and obesity”. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 4 (2011): 402-412.
  8. SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE PEDIATRIA. “Obesidade na infância e adolescência – Manual de Orientação”. Departamento Científico de Nutrologia. 2ª Ed. São Paulo: SBP (2012).
  9. Leal Vanessa Sá., et al. “Excesso de peso em crianças e adolescentes no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil: prevalência e determinantes”. Cad. Saúde Pública. Rio de Janeiro 28.6 (2012): 1175-1182.
  10. Cauter Eve Van and Knutson Kristen. “Sleep and the epidemic of obesity in children and adults”. European Journal of Endocrinology1 (2008): 59-66.
  11. Rocha DS., et al. “Estado nutricional e prevalência de anemia em crianças que freqüentam creches em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais”. Revista Paulista de Pediatria 1 (2008): 6-13.
  12. Touchette E., et al. “Associations between sleep duration pat¬terns and overweight/obesity at age 6”. Sleep11 (2008): 1507-1514.
  13. Stamatakis Katherine A and PunjabiI Naresh. “Effects of Sleep Fragmentation on Glucose Metabolism in Normal Subjects”. Chest1 (2010) 95-101.
  14. Gangwisch, James E., et al. “Inadequate Sleep as a Risk Factor for Obesity: Analyses of the NHANES I”. Sleep10 (2005).
  15. Buyse DJ., et al. “The Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research”. Psychiatry Review 28 (1989): 193-213.
  16. World Health Organization. WHO - Growth reference data for 5-19 years (2007).
  17. World Health Organization. WHO - Growth reference data for 5-19 years (2010).
  18. Ministério da Saúde, Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde, Departamento de Atenção Básica, Coordenação-Geral da Política de Alimentação e Nutrição. Incorporação das curvas de crescimento da Organização Mundial da Saúde de (2006).
  19. Silva GAP., et al. “Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças pré-escolares matriculadas em duas escolas particulares de Recife, Pernambuco”. Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil 3 (2003): 323-327.
  20. Simon VGN., et al. “Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças de dois a seis anos matriculadas em escolas particulares no município de São Paulo”. Journal of Human Growth and Development2 (2009): 211-218.
  21. Fundação Nacional do Sono EUA - National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations (2015).
  22. EM Taveras., et al. “Chronic Sleep Curtailment and Adiposity”. Pediatrics 6 (2014): 1013.
  23. Spielgel Karine., et al. “Leptin Levels Are Dependent on Sleep Duration: Relationships with Sympathovagal Balance, Carbohydrate Regulation, Cortisol, and Thyrotropin”. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 11 (2004): 5762-5771.
  24. American Heart Association (2015).
  25. BARUKI SBS., et al. “Associação entre estado nutricional e atividade física em escolares da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Corumbá – MS”. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Esportiva2 (2006): 90-94.
  26. Bender Silvia Cercal. “Influencia dos fatores ambientais na obesidade infantile”. Trabalho Final de Graduação apresentado ao Curso de Nutrição - Área de Ciências da Saúde,do Centro Universitário Franciscano, como requisito parcial para obtenção do grau de Nutricionista – Bacharel em Nutrição de (2006).
  27. Hulley SB., et al. “Delineando a pesquisa clínica: uma abordagem epidemiológica”. 3ª edição, Porto Alegre: Artmed (2008): 384.


Citation: Haider JCMC., et al. “Sleeping Habits and Nutritional State of Pre-schools".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.11 (2021): 13-18.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US