Khloud Ghafouri1*, Jameelah Alqarni1, Wedad Azhar1, Hibah Almasmoum2 and Alaa Qadhi1
1Clinical Nutrition, Umm AL-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
2Laboratory Medicine, Umm AL-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Khloud Ghafouri, Clinical Nutrition, Umm AL-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.
Received: September 17, 2021; Published: September 29, 2021
Background: Home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic drastically affected the daily lives of millions of people around the world. It created a situation across the globe that is expected to affect human mental and physical health in different ways. For instance, it might increase the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs), a common health problem affecting both genders. The incidence of EDs during home confinement may be affected by stress and high exposure to social media.
Objective: To investigate the incidence of developing EDs among the Saudi population during the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, this study seeks to analyse the effect of stress and exposure to social media on the development of EDs.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken from April 27 2020 to June 15 2020. A total of 1,867 adult residents of Saudi Arabia aged between 18-80 participated in this study, completing a self-reported questionnaire. A SCOFF questionnaire was used for ED screening, while the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was used for measuring stress levels. Data were analysed using SPSS statistical software. Descriptive statistics were used to identify the demographic characteristics of the participants.
Results: Of the 1867 participants, 39.9% gave a positive SCOFF score. Approximately 40.9% of participants reported an increase in body weight during the quarantine. Most of them (80.8%) had a perception about ideal body shape, and more than half (58%) reported they thought about their figure more during the quarantine. A significant relationship has been noticed between the development of EDs and age (P-Value: 0.019), job (P-Value: 0.001), having a health condition that requires medication (P-Value: 0.021), being a smoker (P-Value: 0.001), and spending time on social media (P-Value: 0.001). Additionally, the level of stress (P-Value: 0.001), working from home during the home confinement (P-Value: 0.044), and the impact of the home confinement on monthly income (P-Value: 0.004) were found to have a significant relationship with having a positive screening for EDs.
Keywords:Mental Health; Underweight; Obesity; Anorexia; Bulimia; COVID-19
Citation: Khloud Ghafouri., et al. “The Effect of Home Confinement During COVID-19 on Stress and Eating Disorders in Saudi Arabia".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.10 (2021):.
Copyright: © 2021 Khloud Ghafouri., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.