Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 10

Anthropometric and Biochemical Effects of Consuming Omega-3 Fatty Acids Enriched Eggs

Adriana Beatriz Di iorio*, Freire Álvarez Brandon Javier and Vinueza Duque Rubén Esteban

Department of Food Sciences, Zamorano University, Municipality of San Antonio de Oriente, Francisco Morazan, Honduras

*Corresponding Author: Adriana Beatriz Di iorio, Department of Food Sciences, Zamorano University, Municipality of San Antonio de Oriente, Francisco Morazan, Honduras.

Received: August 21, 2021; Published: September 18, 2021


  Functional foods are products that control nontransmissible diseases. Egg is a low-cost food with high nutritional value and huge population intake. In the present study, the effect of Omega-3 fatty acids enriched eggs and non-enriched eggs on anthropometric measurements (weight, height, waist, hip, blood pressure, total fat percentage, visceral fat) and biochemical (lipid profile and glucose) were evaluated during 10 weeks, of 15 people with overweight or type I obesity. The participants were randomly assigned to receive a different treatment of enriched or non with Omega 3 eggs consumption with a dietary guideline or a specific eating plan. In the biochemical parameters, significant differences were observed for: total cholesterol (p = 0.037), HDL (p = 0.001) in treatment T4 and triglycerides (p = 0.033) in treatment T3. The adherence of each treatment was greater than 80%. In conclusion, enriched Omega-3 fatty acid eggs intake showed significant changes in biochemical indicators as total cholesterol, triglycerides and increase of HDL concentration.

Keywords: Omega-3; Nontransmissible Diseases; Lipid Profile; HDL; Triglycerides


  1. World Health Organization. Non-communicable diseases (2018).
  2. Medici A., et al. “The economic dimensions of Non-transmissible diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean”. Washington D.C: OPS. (2017).
  3. Annual work report. (2016).
  4. Kenneth R and Feingold MD. Obesity and Dyslipidemia (2020).
  5. Ponte C., et al. “Atherogenic dyslipidemia in Latin America: prevalence, causes and treatment”. 15 (2017): 1690-3110.
  6. Zhang Z., et al. “Dietary Intakes of EPA and DHA Omega-3 Fatty Acids among US Childbearing-Age and Pregnant Women: An Analysis of NHANES 2001-2014”. In 10.4 (2018).
  7. Dussaillant C., et al. “Egg intake and cardiovascular disease: a scientific literature review”. Nutrición Hospitalaria 3 (2017): 710-718.
  8. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Managing Overweight and Obesity in Adults: Systematic Evidence Review from the Obesity Expert Panel (2013).
  9. American Heart Association. Blood (2016).
  10. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases. Know your blood sugar numbers: Use them to manage your diabetes (2016).
  11. Laudadio V., et al. “Enhancement of Nutraceutical Value of Table Eggs Through Poultry Feeding Strategies”. International Journal of Pharmacology 11 (2015): 201-212.
  12. Lavie C., et al. “Obesity and cardiovascular disease: risk factor, paradox, and impact of weight loss”. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 21 (2009): 1925-1932.
  13. Lemahieu C., et al. “Impact of different omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) sources (flaxseed, Isochrysis galbana, fish oil and DHA Gold) on n-3 LC-PUFA enrichment (efficiency) in the egg yolk”. Journal of Functional Foods 19 (2015): 821-827.
  14. Ahmad M., et al. “Cardiovascular Disease Risk and its Association with Body Mass Index in Malaysians Based on the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension Risk Prediction Chart”. Health Science Journal 1 (2018).
  15. Stupin A., et al. “Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids-enriched hen eggs consumption enhances microvascular reactivity in young healthy individuals”. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism10 (2018): 988-995.
  16. Subramanian S and Chait A. “Hypertriglyceridemia secondary to obesity and diabetes”. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 5 (2012): 819-825.
  17. Ros M and Medina-Gómez G. “Obesity, adipogenesis and insulin resistance”. Endocrinology Nutrition7 (2011): 360-369.
  18. Haas A., et al. “Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have beneficial effects on visceral fat in diet-induced obesity model”. Biochemistry and Cell Biology6 (2019).
  19. Mozaffarian D and Wu JHY. “ (n-3) fatty acids and cardiovascular health: are effects of EPA and DHA shared or complementary?” The Journal of Nutrition 3 (2012): 614S-625S.
  20. Shakoor H., et al. “Development of Omega-3 rich eggs through dietary flaxseed and bio-evaluation in metabolic syndrome”. Food Science and Nutrition 6 (2020): 2619-2626.
  21. Stone N., et al. “ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines”. Circulation 129 (2014): S1-45.
  22. Backes J., et al. “The clinical relevance of Omega-3 fatty acids in the management of hypertriglyceridemia”. Lipids Health Disease1 (2016): 118.
  23. Handelsman Y and Shapiro M. “Triglycerides, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular outcome studies: focus on Omega-3 fatty acids”. Endocrine Practice1 (2017): 100-112.
  24. Backes J., et al. “The clinical relevance of Omega-3 fatty acids in the management of hypertriglyceridemia”. Lipids Health Disease1 (2016): 118.
  25. Fraeye I., et al. “Dietary enrichment of eggs with Omega-3 fatty acids: A review”. Food Research International2 (2012): 961-969.
  26. Puga G., et al. “High density lipoproteins and cardiovascular risk”. REB4 (2019): 93-99.
  27. Khan S., et al. “Comparative study of fatty-acid composition of table eggs from the Jeddah food market and effect of value addition in Omega-3 bio-fortified eggs”. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (2017): 929-935.
  28. DiMarco D and Fernandez M. “Differences in response to egg-derived dietary cholesterol result in distinct lipoprotein profiles while plasma concentrations of carotenoids and choline are not affected in a young healthy population”. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 1 (2019).
  29. Klangjareonchai T., et al. “The effect of ingestion of egg and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation on serum lipid profiles in hypercholesterolemic women”. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology2 (2012): 173-178.
  30. Valenzuela B., et al. “Omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) and their application in various clinical situations”. Revista Chilena de Nutricion 3 (2011): 356-367.
  31. Rodríguez M., et al. “Review of the test used for measuring therapeutic compliance in clinical practice”. Aten Primaria 8 (2008): 413-418.
  32. Lam W and Fresco P. “Medication Adherence Measures: An Overview”. BioMed Research International (2015).


Citation: Adriana Beatriz Di iorio., et al. “Anthropometric and Biochemical Effects of Consuming Omega-3 Fatty Acids Enriched Eggs". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.10 (2021): 56-63.


Copyright: © 2021 Adriana Beatriz Di iorio., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US