A Widespread Acquired Ailment, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Its Approaches Related to Nutritional Therapy
Mujahid Hassan1*, Yasir Shah2, Aisha Tariq3, Zainab Qasim3, Sehrish Jabbar3 and Mushaim Fatima3
1Department of Food Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
2Food Science and Technology Department, Govt. College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3Department of Nutritional Sciences, Govt. College University Faisalabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Mujahid Hassan, Department of Food Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
June 28, 2021; Published: September 168, 2021
NAFLD (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) is an inherited metabolic disorder characterised by triglyceride buildup in the liver (TGs). The four clinical-pathological categories frequently followed by the NAFLD pathway are non-alcoholic steatosis, steatohepatitis, increasing fibrosis/cirrhosis, and hepatocellular cancer. The prevalence of NAFLD is increased by obesity and insulin resistance. NAFLD is linked to liver disease in both children and adults and is influenced by age, gender, race, and ethnicity. Hyper-caloric diets, especially those high in trans-/saturated fat and cholesterol, as well as fructose-sweetened drinks, seems to enhance visceral adiposity in people of all ages. Reduced calorie intake, increased soy protein and whey consumption, and supplementation of monounsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, and fibre, polyphenolic substances have preventative and therapeutic benefits are the initial steps toward its management. Along with good eating habits, exercise and physical activity that leads to weight loss and a reduction in liver fat buildup are also important. The patient becomes vulnerable to liver transplantation due to poor care (the end stage of NAFLD).
Keywords: Non-alcoholic Steahepatitis; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver; Fibrosis; Cirrhosis; Type 2 Diabetes; Cardiovascular Diseases; Chronic Kidney Diseases; Nutritional Management; Lifestyle Modifications; Liver Transplant
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