Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 10

Spontaneous Intradural Cerebral Artery Dissection: Spectrum of Clinical Presentations and Correlation with Angiographic Findings

Aminur Rahman1*, Sirintara Pongpech2, Pakorn Jiarakongmun2, Ekachat Chanthanaphak2, Wittawat Takong2, Kittiphop Somboonnithiphol2 and Thanaboon Worakijthamrongchai2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2The Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Thailand

*Corresponding Author: Aminur Rahman, Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Received: August 23, 2021; Published: September 08, 2021

Abstract

Aim: Intradural Cerebral Artery dissections are recognized cause of stroke. Aim of this study was to analysis the distribution of spontaneous intradural cerebral artery dissection, angiographic pattern with the symptomatology of admitted patients to our hospital.

Materials and Methods: We analyzed retrospectively collected data of the stroke patients’ and carefully evaluated on 4-vessels angiogram in our institute from January 2013 to June 2014. Out of 164 of cerebral dissections in angiographically evidenced we found only 16 patients of intradural dissecting aneurysms that were included in this study. The male-female ratio was 37.5: 62.5 and the mean age was 47.56 ± 13.19 years. According to the angiographic finding depicting the location of the dissection plane in the arterial wall, we categorized to steno-occlusive, aneurysmal, combined pattern. In each dissection pattern, we evaluated presenting symptoms and presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, infarction, and intracerebral hemorrhage or combined.

Results: The most common symptomatic presentation was headache (75%), followed by neck pain (50%), motor weakness of limb(s) (43.8%), loss of consciousness (37.5%), vertigo (12.5%), vomiting (12.5) and arm tingling sensation (6.3%). The most common angiographic pattern was aneurysmal patterns (68.75%) followed by steno-occlusive (18.75%) and combined (steno-occlusive and aneurysmal) (12.5%) patterns. aneurysmal pattern was most frequently related to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) (7/11, 63.63%) in contrast that steno-occlusive pattern was only related to infarction (3/3, 100%). The most frequent dissection was in the intradural vertebral arteries (IV) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA), presented with SAH 80% (4/5) and 33.33% (1/3) respectively followed by infarction and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Infarction was common abnormality in patients with the intradural carotid arteries(IC) 33.33%(1/3), superior cerebellar artery(SCA) 33.33%(1/3) and basilar artery(BA) 33.33% (1/3) each but intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) was common abnormality in patients with the posterior inferior cerebellar artery(PICA) 50%(1/2).

Conclusion: The most common symptomatic clinical presentations of intradural cerebral artery dissection are headache and neck pain followed by motor weakness of limbs and loss of consciousness. SAH with aneurysmal pattern, in the posterior circulation especially in the vertebral artery is the most frequent diagnosis of in intradural cerebral artery dissection which requires combined analysis of angiographic pattern and clinical presentations of stroke.

Keywords: Intradural Cerebral Arteries; Dissection; Aneurysm

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Citation

Citation: Aminur Rahman., et al. “Spontaneous Intradural Cerebral Artery Dissection: Spectrum of Clinical Presentations and Correlation with Angiographic Findings". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.10 (2021): 03-08.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Aminur Rahman., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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