Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Formulation of Rice Based Low Cost Balanced, Nutritious and Safe Diet for the Malnourished Street Children in Capital City Dhaka

Saima Jahan1, Sultan Abu Saleh Mahmud2, Iftekharul Huq3, Md Mariful Islam2, Md Mohsin4, Md Sakil Ahamed5, Anika Antara Siddiqquee6, Zannatul Sanzida7, Habibul Bari Shozib2* and Muhammad Ali Siddiquee2

1Mathemetical and Physical Sciences Department, East West University, Aftab Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Grain Quality and Nutrition, Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
3Department of Economics, East West University, Aftab Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4University of Development Alternative, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh
6Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tejgoan College, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh
7Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Habibul Bari Shozib, Grain Quality and Nutrition, Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.

Received: May 11, 2021; Published: June 30, 2021


A total of 384 street children were subjected to study a baseline survey aged from 4 to 12 years old in Capital City, Dhaka. The sample size was fixed by addressing Cochran equation. Among the respondents 63% were male and 37% were female from street children population of 384. Survey took place at 20 different hot spots covering both Dhaka city north and south. We have observed the recommended dietary intake per day from 4 years to 12 years old male boys and found 27 to 59% deficiency in our male population samples of 243. Similarly, we also observed the recommended dietary intake per day from 4 years to 12 years old female girls and found 28 to 56% deficiency in our female population samples of 141. Since our Energy Dense Rice Cake (EDRC) has a potential of providing 500 kcal energy per 100g serving so, we could predict that incorporating our improved rice-based product once a day along with their daily regular intake, it will able to mitigate nutritional gap by 64 to 100% for street boys and noticeably 70 to 100% for girls. We have prepared Energy Dense Rice Biscuit (EDRB, 3.6% moisture, 515 kcal per 100g of serving) and EDRC (5.0% moisture, 500 kcal per 100g of serving). EDRC was found prepared than EDRB in impact study when the respondents were given choice of rice-based bakery items intake for four months long period. Finally, a total of 32 respondents were took part in a four months period impact study on EDRC from street children population. All anthropometric and biochemical data such as CBC (Complete Blood Count), Hemoglobin, CRP, Prealbumin etc. were collected at both the starting (Day 0) and the end time (Day 120) of the impact survey of selected 32 respondents. Respondents were given 100g serving of EDRC every day (rice cake) to 32 street children samples for 4 months period along with their normal food intake. Our data revealed that malnutrition related parameters specially CRP (decreased) and Prealbumin (Increased) are significantly improved during four months supplementary intake of extra 500 kcal per 100 g serving of EDRC in tested street children’s samples which resembles the possible impact of EDRC on street children. Rice-based bakery products specially EDRB and EDRC can potentially be used in school feeding nutritional program and disaster management in Bangladesh.

Keywords:Energy Dense Rice Biscuit; Impact Study; Baseline Survey; Prealbumin; Formulated Food


  1. Aparajeyo Bangladesh presented a paper on street children of Bangladesh in a Consortium for Street Children. Colombo, Srilanka. A Civil Society Forum for South Asia on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children Consortium for Street Children (2001).
  2. Mohammad AB. “Street children”. The Daily Star (2009).
  3. Mohammed NAR and Mahfuja S. “Street children in Bangladesh: A life of uncertainty”. Editorial, The Independent, 6 February (2016).
  4. Hakim MA and Rahman A. “Health and Nutritional Condition of Street Children of Dhaka City: An Empirical Study in Bangladesh”. Science Journal of Public Health 4 (2016): 6-9.
  5. Syed MA., et al. “Lives and Livelihoods on the Streets of Dhaka City: Findings from a Population-based Exploratory Survey”. BRAC Working Paper No. 19, March (2011).
  6. Saikia D and Deka SC. “Cereals: from staple food to nutraceuticals”. International Food Research Journal 18 (2011): 21-30.
  7. “Human energy requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation”. FAO Food and Nutrition Technical Report series 1 (2004), United Nations University, Rome.
  8. “Desirable Dietary Pattern for Bangladesh” (2013).
  9. Official Kjeldahl procedure for grains (979.09) protein estimation of AOAC (2000).
  10. Official procedure for Dietary fiber (985.29)estimation of AOAC method (2000).
  11. Official procedure for Ash (942.05) estimation of AOAC (2000).
  12. Choudhury NH and Juliano BO. “Effect of amylase content on the lipids of mature rice grain”. Phytochemistry 19 (1980): 1385.
  13. Official procedure of mineral estimations (Zn, Fe, Ca, Mn and Mg) of Association of Official Agricultural Chemists (AOAC, 2019, 21st edition).
  14. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) reference material Rice flour NIST SRM 1568b SIGMA-ALDRICH, USA.
  15. Yoshida SD., et al. “Laboratory Manual for Physiological Studies of Rice”. IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines (1976): 17-18.
  16. Human Prealbumin ELISA Kit (ab231920).
  17. Shahidur R., et al. “Handbook on impact evaluation quantitative methods and practices”. 52099, 2010, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank (2010).
  18. Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC). “Healthy Weight, Nutrition, and Physical Activity”.


Citation: Habibul Bari Shozib., et al. “Formulation of Rice Based Low Cost Balanced, Nutritious and Safe Diet for the Malnourished Street Children in Capital City Dhaka".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.7 (2021): 97-106.


Copyright: © 2021 Habibul Bari Shozib., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US