Saima Jahan1, Sultan Abu Saleh Mahmud2, Iftekharul Huq3, Md Mariful Islam2, Md Mohsin4, Md Sakil Ahamed5, Anika Antara Siddiqquee6, Zannatul Sanzida7, Habibul Bari Shozib2* and Muhammad Ali Siddiquee2
1Mathemetical and Physical Sciences Department, East West University, Aftab Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Grain Quality and Nutrition, Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
3Department of Economics, East West University, Aftab Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4University of Development Alternative, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh
5Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh
6Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tejgoan College, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh
7Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanto-Mariam University of Creative Technology, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Habibul Bari Shozib, Grain Quality and Nutrition, Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.
Received: May 11, 2021; Published: June 30, 2021
A total of 384 street children were subjected to study a baseline survey aged from 4 to 12 years old in Capital City, Dhaka. The sample size was fixed by addressing Cochran equation. Among the respondents 63% were male and 37% were female from street children population of 384. Survey took place at 20 different hot spots covering both Dhaka city north and south. We have observed the recommended dietary intake per day from 4 years to 12 years old male boys and found 27 to 59% deficiency in our male population samples of 243. Similarly, we also observed the recommended dietary intake per day from 4 years to 12 years old female girls and found 28 to 56% deficiency in our female population samples of 141. Since our Energy Dense Rice Cake (EDRC) has a potential of providing 500 kcal energy per 100g serving so, we could predict that incorporating our improved rice-based product once a day along with their daily regular intake, it will able to mitigate nutritional gap by 64 to 100% for street boys and noticeably 70 to 100% for girls. We have prepared Energy Dense Rice Biscuit (EDRB, 3.6% moisture, 515 kcal per 100g of serving) and EDRC (5.0% moisture, 500 kcal per 100g of serving). EDRC was found prepared than EDRB in impact study when the respondents were given choice of rice-based bakery items intake for four months long period. Finally, a total of 32 respondents were took part in a four months period impact study on EDRC from street children population. All anthropometric and biochemical data such as CBC (Complete Blood Count), Hemoglobin, CRP, Prealbumin etc. were collected at both the starting (Day 0) and the end time (Day 120) of the impact survey of selected 32 respondents. Respondents were given 100g serving of EDRC every day (rice cake) to 32 street children samples for 4 months period along with their normal food intake. Our data revealed that malnutrition related parameters specially CRP (decreased) and Prealbumin (Increased) are significantly improved during four months supplementary intake of extra 500 kcal per 100 g serving of EDRC in tested street children’s samples which resembles the possible impact of EDRC on street children. Rice-based bakery products specially EDRB and EDRC can potentially be used in school feeding nutritional program and disaster management in Bangladesh.
Keywords:Energy Dense Rice Biscuit; Impact Study; Baseline Survey; Prealbumin; Formulated Food
Citation: Habibul Bari Shozib., et al. “Formulation of Rice Based Low Cost Balanced, Nutritious and Safe Diet for the Malnourished Street Children in Capital City Dhaka".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.7 (2021): 97-106.
Copyright: © 2021 Habibul Bari Shozib., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.