Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Covid-19 and Common Mental Disorders in the Risk Group Population: A Study in Brazilian Amazon

Carlos Alberto Paraguassú-Chaves1, Carla Dolezel Trindade2, Simão Aznar Filho2, Fabrício Moraes de Almeida3*, Lenita Rodrigues Moreira Dantas4 and Gisely Beck Gonçalves Salton5

1PhD in Health Sciences - University of Brasília - UnB, Brazil and PhD in Science - University of Havana, Cuba and Post-Doctor in Health Sciences - UnB and Degli Studi D'Aquila University - IT, Professor at the Federal University of Rondônia, Brazil
2PhD in Law - Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora, Argentina and Post-doctorate - Universita deli Studi di Messina, Italy and Full Professor at the University Institute of Rio de Janeiro - IURJ, Brazil
3PhD in Physics (UFC), with Post-doctorate in Scientific Regional Development (DCR/CNPq), Researcher of the Doctoral and Master Program in Regional Development and Environment (PGDRA/UNIR), Brazil
4Geographer Expert and Lawyer, Researcher of the Institute of Health Sciences and the Amazon Environment - AICSA, Brazil
5Specialist in Public Health, Volunteer Researcher at the Institute of Health Sciences and the Environment of the Amazon - AICSA, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Fabrício Moraes de Almeida, PhD in Physics (UFC), with Post-doctorate in Scientific Regional Development (DCR/CNPq), Researcher of the Doctoral and Master Program in Regional Development and Environment (PGDRA/UNIR), Brazil.

Received: April 05, 2021; Published: June 12, 2021

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the frequency of common mental disorders (CMD) in a population group at risk during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive study, with a quantitative approach, a type characterized as epidemiological. An adapted version of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), the adapted PSS and the abbreviated WOHOO were used as data collection instruments. A total of 560 volunteers participated in the sample, 57% female and 43% male, with ages ranging from 35 to 85 years.

Results: The general average of proportional relative frequency for each 10 research subjects belonging to the risk group for Covid-19, resulting from the composition of the 5 factors of the SRQ-20 was 7.8, higher than the cutoff point that characterize common mental disorders (CMD). Among the factors of the PSS prevail: “anxiety for information about the disease”, “fear”, “sadness” and “anxiety”, “fear of being infected by covid-19”, “fear of dying”, “frustration and boredom”, "Anger", "irritability", "uncertainty" and, "having a chronic illness". The WHOQOL-bref found results that show dissatisfaction with the quality of life in this risk group. The results of the 3 instruments applied show and characterize the CMD in this studied group. Conclusion: It can be said that this risk group suffers from CMD with symptomatic characterization of depression.

Keywords:Covid-19; Common Mental Disorders (TMC) and Risk Group

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Citation

Citation: Fabrício Moraes de Almeida., et al. “Covid-19 and Common Mental Disorders in the Risk Group Population: A Study in Brazilian Amazon".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.7 (2021): 47-56.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Fabrício Moraes de Almeida., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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