Sri Adiningsih, Siti Rahayu Nadhiroh and Farapti*
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
*Corresponding Author: Farapti, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.
Received: April 26, 2021; Published: May 20, 2021
Introduction: One of the breakthrough efforts to increase dietary diversity that would lead to food security is the launching of the home gardening zone (HGZ) program by the Indonesia Ministry of Agriculture. Understanding the effect of the program on the community could identify benefits and shortfalls that may be crucial to the success of it. The purpose of this study was to assess the reasons community gardeners participate in the home gardening zone program, as well as to explore the potential impacts such participation has on the community and household food security.
Methods: The study was conducted at Mojokrapak village, Tembelang district, Jombang regency, East Java, Indonesia between May-September 2015. Data were collected through ten individual in-depth interviews with gardeners, one focus group discussion to stakeholders, and observation on the home gardening zone (type and large of plants and animals). Data were analyzed using the Thematic Content Analysis approach.
Results: Gardeners reported seed distribution and assistance by the government as the main reason for participating. There were some contributions to household food security in aspects of food availability, food access, and food consumption. Additionally, there was an improvement of communalism among gardeners as another benefit. Results obtained from the focus group discussion and observation concurred with the findings from the in-depth interviews. However, some gardeners expressed the need to acquire support such as motivation and the availability of fertilizer to keep the program going.
Conclusion: Home gardening zone increased access to household food security and community nutrition. Findings from this study will hopefully serve to guide future quantitative research evaluating the home gardening zone as a potential food and nutrition security improvement intervention.
Keywords:Home Gardening Zone; Food Security; Perceptions
Citation: Farapti., et al. “The Perceptions of Home Gardening Zone Program and the Potential Impacts on Household Food Security".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.6 (2021): 30-35.
Copyright: © 2021 Farapti., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.