Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Determinants on Household Food Security Among Indigenous Population of Nagaland, India

Aatish Kumar Sahu1*, Sanjoy Das2 and Lakshmidhar Hatai3

1Associate Professor, Department of Basic Science and Humanities, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, India
2Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema, Nagaland, India
3Associate Professor, Department of Social Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Aatish Kumar Sahu, Associate Professor, Department of Basic Science and Humanities, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Received: December 10, 2020; Published: January 28, 2021

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Abstract

Food being a primary subject of concern for social development as well a vital indicator of well being of citizens in a state, it is more important when ‘last mile food security’ is given due priority. In developing major economy like India, tribal population across the country act as the last mile and it is ought to be studied with better methodologies.

The current study conducted during the early part of the year 2017 delves into the food security indicators and identifying the factors responsible for food (in) security of Chakhesang and Pochury tribes of Phek district of Nagaland. In this regard, a household survey comprising of 80 households, was conducted in Phek district of Nagaland during early 2017. Based on multistage random sampling, two rural development blocks namely Kikruma and Pfutsero block were sampled from the district and four villages were sampled as second stage.

Using the relevant parameters observed from the survey, the components of food (in)security developed for the study region [1] and household Food Security Index (FSIP) was computed and further descripted and statistically analyzed. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the odds of status of household food security given villages, categories of family size, primary occupation, income level, possessions of agronomic crops, vegetables and fruits and livestock. It was observed from the study that the distance of regular markets, family size and livestock possession of the families played a critical role in food security of a household in the region.

Keywords: Food Security Indicators; Tribes; Household; Food Possession; Multinomial Logistic Regression; Odds Ratio

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References

  1. Sahu AK., et al. “Measuring Household Food Security Index for High Hill Tribal Community of Nagaland, India”. Journal of Food Security5 (2017): 155-161.
  2. Roy A., et al. “Food Security in North-East Region of India — A State-wise Analysis”. Agricultural Economics Research Review 28 (2015): 259-266.
  3. Chuzho Z and Sahu AK. “Food and nutritional status of Chakhesang and Pochury tribes of Phek district of Nagaland”. RASHI: Journal of the Society for Application of Statistics in Agriculture and Allied Sciences2 (2017): 29-38.
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Citation

Citation: Aatish Kumar Sahu., et al. “Determinants on Household Food Security Among Indigenous Population of Nagaland, India".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 146-152.




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