Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Côte d'Ivoire: Case of Abobo Baoule a Sub-district of the Ivorian Political Capital in West Africa

Yoboue Yoboue N’da Mireille1*, Assa Rebecca Rachel2, N’guessan Anon Franck-Donald3 and Kouakou Egnon KV4*

1UNESCO Chair, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
2Laboratory of Biotechnology, Agriculture and Valorization of Biological Resources, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
3National Nutrition Program, Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire
4Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouet-Boigny, Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire

*Corresponding Author: Yoboue N’da Mireille, UNESCO Chair, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

Received: December 05, 2020; Published: January 21, 2021



In Côte d'Ivoire, the food and nutritional situation of households has weakened in recent decades according to the ministries of agriculture and health. Experts propose increased monitoring of the situation to avoid a food crisis, capable of disrupting the socio-economic stability of the country. In order to contribute to this strategy, a study was carried out. The study aims to analyze the level of food and nutritional security of the populations of Abobo-Baoulé, in the district of Abidjan, in Côte d'Ivoire. Thisstudy is a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical that involved a sample of 300 households and 453 children under 5 years old.

The results reveal rates of 23.70% medium food security, 26.30% low food security, 24% very low food security and low dietary diversity. In addition, the children present a poor nutritional state with rates of 5.1% of acute malnutrition, 12.40% of chronic malnutrition and 3.7% of overweight.

These results show that food and nutrition security in the country has not changed, compared to previous work and still remains precarious. This could be justified by inadequacies in the search for the causes, and in the implementation of interventions with households.

To this end, it would be necessary to revise the causal analysis of the food situation and target the most vulnerable households, in order to reduce malnutrition in Abobo-Baoulé’s locality.

Keywords: Households; Food and Nutritional Security; Eating Habits; Côte d'Ivoire



  1. Report of Committee on World Food Security: Assessment of the World Food Security Situation, Thirty- third Session. in Rome (2007): 11.
  2. Abekhti A. “Evolution du concept de la sécurité alimentaire et l’importance de l’intégration du bien-être du citoyen dans les systèmes alimentaires”. Researchgate 14.2 (2017): 1425-1431.
  3. Concertation régionale sur la situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle au sahel et en Afrique de l’ouest. Newsletter CILSS (2018): 37.
  4. CILSS et INS. Enquête sur la vulnérabilité alimentaire en milieu urbain: cas de la ville d’Abidjan rapport final (2013): 57.
  5. Programme National de la Nutrition de Cote d’Ivoire. Situation nutritionnelle en Côte d’Ivoire, rapport d’activité (2015): 15.
  6. Diabagaté S. “Assainissement et Gestion des ordures ménagères à Abobo : cas d'Abobo-Baoulé”. Mémoire de master II N°…Université Félix HOUPHOUËT- BOIGNY (2015): 17.
  7. Babyak C., et al. “Statistique Canada, Méthodes et pratiques d'enquête”. Troisième edition (2003): 415.
  8. Amoikon KE., et al. “Habitudes alimentaires liées à la survenue de la maladie hémorroïdaire chez les ivoiriens”. European Scientific Journal edition 12 (2016): 36-46.
  9. Swindale A., et al. Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) for Measurement of Household Food Access: Indicator GuideFood and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Academy for Educational Development, of Washington’s press, D.C. 56.45 (2006): 41-48.
  10. Stratégie de lutte contre la malnutrition, rapport de consultance d’expert (2015): 153-157.
  11. Programme National de la Nutrition de Cote d’Ivoire. Protocole National de la prise en charge intégrée de la malnutrition (2015): 155.
  12. Ministère de l’agriculture et des ressources animales. Enquête de suivi de la saison agricole et de la vulnérabilité alimentaire (2018): 86.
  13. N’guessan A F D., et al. “Prospective analysis of the relationship between dietary habits and the occurrence of hemorrhoidal disease in a young ivorians’ population”. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research10 (2018): 29173-29177.
  14. Daviron B. “Une histoire de richesse et de puissance”. Synthèse 1 (2020): 392.
  15. Bachelier B. La sécurité alimentaire: un enjeu global, Paris, Fondapol 16 (2012):32.
  16. Yapi A., et al. “Prospective analysis of the relationship between intestinal parasitic infections and the occurrence of hemorrhoidal disease in a young ivoirians’ population”. World Journal of Advance Healthcare Research 6 (2018): 12-15.
  17. Malinowski B. “Unethéoriescientifiquedelaculture”. Lestextesàl’appui 2 (1968): 157-168.
  18. Amoikon KE., et al. “Cultural and socio-economic factors and risk of protein in children from 0 to 59 months, attending the general hospital of bingerville (côte d’ivoire)”. International Journal of Current Research6 (2018): 70836-70841.
  19. Enquêtedémographique et de santé etàindicateurs multiples deCôte d’Ivoire 2015-2016 (2016).
  20. Institut national destatistiquede Coted’ivoire. Enquête Approfondie sur la Sécurité Alimentaire des Ménages Ruraux (2009): 1755.
  21. Evaluation approfondie de la sécurité alimentaire des ménages ruraux en Côte d’ivoire (2006): 53-54.


Citation: Yoboue N’da Mireille., et al. “Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Côte d'Ivoire: Case Abobo of Baoule a Sub-district of the Ivorian Political Capital in West Africa".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 100-106.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US