Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Côte d'Ivoire: Case of Abobo Baoule a Sub-district of the Ivorian Political Capital in West Africa

Yoboue Yoboue N’da Mireille1*, Assa Rebecca Rachel2, N’guessan Anon Franck-Donald3 and Kouakou Egnon KV4*

1UNESCO Chair, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
2Laboratory of Biotechnology, Agriculture and Valorization of Biological Resources, UFR Biosciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
3National Nutrition Program, Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire
4Laboratory of Nutrition and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biosciences, University Félix Houphouet-Boigny, Ivory Coast, Côte d’Ivoire

*Corresponding Author: Yoboue N’da Mireille, UNESCO Chair, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

Received: December 05, 2020; Published: January 21, 2021

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Abstract

In Côte d'Ivoire, the food and nutritional situation of households has weakened in recent decades according to the ministries of agriculture and health. Experts propose increased monitoring of the situation to avoid a food crisis, capable of disrupting the socio-economic stability of the country. In order to contribute to this strategy, a study was carried out. The study aims to analyze the level of food and nutritional security of the populations of Abobo-Baoulé, in the district of Abidjan, in Côte d'Ivoire. Thisstudy is a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical that involved a sample of 300 households and 453 children under 5 years old.

The results reveal rates of 23.70% medium food security, 26.30% low food security, 24% very low food security and low dietary diversity. In addition, the children present a poor nutritional state with rates of 5.1% of acute malnutrition, 12.40% of chronic malnutrition and 3.7% of overweight.

These results show that food and nutrition security in the country has not changed, compared to previous work and still remains precarious. This could be justified by inadequacies in the search for the causes, and in the implementation of interventions with households.

To this end, it would be necessary to revise the causal analysis of the food situation and target the most vulnerable households, in order to reduce malnutrition in Abobo-Baoulé’s locality.

Keywords: Households; Food and Nutritional Security; Eating Habits; Côte d'Ivoire

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Citation

Citation: Yoboue N’da Mireille., et al. “Determinants of Food and Nutrition Security in Côte d'Ivoire: Case Abobo of Baoule a Sub-district of the Ivorian Political Capital in West Africa".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 100-106.




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