Ebele Rita Emendu1*, Arinze Jude Chinweuba2, Onuorah Chinedu Chibuzor3 and Nnamdi Benneth Emendu4
1Department of Geography and Metreology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State Nigeria
2Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Uli, Anambra State Nigeria
3Department of Food Science and Technology, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State Nigeria
4Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences Nwafor Orizu College of Education Nsugbe, Anambra State Nigeria.
*Corresponding Author: Ebele Rita Emendu, Department of Geography and Metreology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State Nigeria.
Received: November 25, 2020; Published: January 21, 2021
There is global a demand for organic food due to perceived harmful effects of synthetic and chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides to humans health. Owing to this, biofertilizer was produced from some selected organic waste materials through Conventional Compost and Vermicompost methods to determine their macro and micro mineral nutrients, also to ascertain their efficiency in organic farming. The Vermicompost was done with (Eisena fetilda) earthworm in an earthen pot with mixture of samples of farm and poultry droppings in the ratio of 5:1. Results of the compost and vermicompost of all the samples showed that macro mineral nutrients of samples A-C are as follows. Fe (24.00mg/kg-33.41mg/kg), Cu (26.01mg/kg-39.15mg/kg), Zn (4.91mg/kg-11.20mg/kg), Mn (27.50mg/kg-34.71mg/kg) while micro mineral nutrients are Mg (21.51mg/kg-4.19mg/kg), Ca (18.20mg/kg-25.51mg/kg) N (20.00mg/kg-29.41.00mg/kg) K (25.51mg/kg-32.01mg/kg) P (30.80mg/kg-38.51mg/kg). Comparatively Vermicompost had better macro and micro nutrient probably due to the action of Eisenia fetida which promotes mineralization. Vermicompost fertilizer promotes growth rate of Scent leave due to nutrient balance in organic manure which affects plant growth and development compared to conventional compost fertilizer. Vermicompost and conventional compost fertilizer samples can be utilized as organic fertilizer in crop production and could be commercialized. They can also be applied in waste management to promote healthy environment.
Keywords: Organic Material; Compost; Vermicompost; Micro and Macro Mineral Nutrient; Fertilizer; Growth Rate; Waste Management
Citation: Ebele Rita Emendu., et al. “Analysis of Micro and Macro Nutrient Levels in Compost and Vermicompost Fertilizer Formulated from Selected Agro-waste and Comparative Assessment of the Fertilizer Efficiencies".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 87-99.
Copyright: © 2021 Ebele Rita Emendu., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.