Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Analysis of Micro and Macro Nutrient Levels in Compost and Vermicompost Fertilizer Formulated from Selected Agro-waste and Comparative Assessment of the Fertilizer Efficiencies

Ebele Rita Emendu1*, Arinze Jude Chinweuba2, Onuorah Chinedu Chibuzor3 and Nnamdi Benneth Emendu4

1Department of Geography and Metreology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State Nigeria
2Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Uli, Anambra State Nigeria
3Department of Food Science and Technology, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State Nigeria
4Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences Nwafor Orizu College of Education Nsugbe, Anambra State Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author: Ebele Rita Emendu, Department of Geography and Metreology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State Nigeria.

Received: November 25, 2020; Published: January 21, 2021

×

Abstract

There is global a demand for organic food due to perceived harmful effects of synthetic and chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides to humans health. Owing to this, biofertilizer was produced from some selected organic waste materials through Conventional Compost and Vermicompost methods to determine their macro and micro mineral nutrients, also to ascertain their efficiency in organic farming. The Vermicompost was done with (Eisena fetilda) earthworm in an earthen pot with mixture of samples of farm and poultry droppings in the ratio of 5:1. Results of the compost and vermicompost of all the samples showed that macro mineral nutrients of samples A-C are as follows. Fe (24.00mg/kg-33.41mg/kg), Cu (26.01mg/kg-39.15mg/kg), Zn (4.91mg/kg-11.20mg/kg), Mn (27.50mg/kg-34.71mg/kg) while micro mineral nutrients are Mg (21.51mg/kg-4.19mg/kg), Ca (18.20mg/kg-25.51mg/kg) N (20.00mg/kg-29.41.00mg/kg) K (25.51mg/kg-32.01mg/kg) P (30.80mg/kg-38.51mg/kg). Comparatively Vermicompost had better macro and micro nutrient probably due to the action of Eisenia fetida which promotes mineralization. Vermicompost fertilizer promotes growth rate of Scent leave due to nutrient balance in organic manure which affects plant growth and development compared to conventional compost fertilizer. Vermicompost and conventional compost fertilizer samples can be utilized as organic fertilizer in crop production and could be commercialized. They can also be applied in waste management to promote healthy environment.

Keywords: Organic Material; Compost; Vermicompost; Micro and Macro Mineral Nutrient; Fertilizer; Growth Rate; Waste Management

×

References

  1. Ezeorji OO., et al. “Utilization of Organic waste in the Production of Biofertilizer (by vermicompost using Eisenia fetida Earthworm) with the Analysis of their Micro and Macro Mineral Nutrient and their effects on Growth Rateof Fruited Pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) and Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)”. Acta Scientific and Nutritional Health2 (2020): 01-10.
  2. Mondal T., et al. “Chemical Fertilizer in Conjunction with Biofertilizer and Vermicompost induced Changes in Morpho-physiological and bio-chemical traits of mustard crop”. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Science 30 (2015).
  3. Bhardway D., et al. “Biofertilizers Function as Key Player in Sustainable Agriculture by Improving Soil Fertility, Plant tolerance and Crop Production”. Microbial Cell Factories66 (2014): 1-10.
  4. Hernandez A., et al. “Effect of Vermicompost and Compost Lettuce Production”. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 4 (2010): 583-589.
  5. Alteri MA., et al. “Agroecology: The Science of Natural Resours Management for Poor farmers in Marginal Environments”. Agriculture in Ecosystem and Environment 93 (2002): 1-24.
  6. Sabiiti EN. “Utilizing Agricultural Waste to enhance Food Security and Conserve the Environment”. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development6 (2011): 1-9.
  7. Sneha S., et al. “Biofertilizere for Crop Production and Soil Fertility”. Academic Journal of Agricultural Resource8 (2018): 299-306.
  8. Rosales RS., et al. “Comparison of three Systems of decomposition of Agricultural Residues for the Production of Organic Fertilizer”. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 77.3 (2017): 287‑292.
  9. Adugna GA. “Review of Impact of Compost on Soil Properties, water use and Crop Productivity”. Agriculture Science Research Journal3 (2016): 93-104.
  10. Devi J and Prakash M. “Microbial Population dynamic during Vermicomposting of three Different Substrate amended with Cow dung”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences2 (2015): 1086-1092.
  11. Devi J and Sumathy VJH. “Production of Biofertilizer from Agro-waste”. International Journal of Engineering and Technique1 (2018): 453-466.
  12. Mongjam S., et al. “Effect of Compost and Vermicompost Prepared from different Bioderadable Waste on the Growth of King Chilli Capsicum Chinense”. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences2 (2019): 74-82.
  13. Akenga P., et al. “Determination of Selected Micro and Macro-nutrients in Sugarcane growing Soil at Kakamega North District, Kenya”. IORS Journal of Applied Chemistry7 (2014): 34-41.
  14. Ju I., et al. “A review: Biofertilizer – A key Player in Enhancing Soil Fertility and Crop Productivity”. Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology Report1 (2018): 22-28.
  15. Ramnarain YI., et al. “Vermicomposting of different organic materials using the Epigeic earth worm Eisenia foetida”. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 8 (2019): 23-36.
  16. Chinweuba AJ., et al. “Comparative Analysis of Macro and Micro nutrient of Bio waste, compost and Vermicompost (Using indigenous Lumbricus terrestis) solanum melongena (fruit) waste” Journal of Science and Engineering Research3 (2017): 102-331.
  17. Achikanu CE., et al. “Determination of the Vitamin and Mineral Composition of common Leafy Vegetables in South Eastern Nigeria”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science11 (2013): 347-353.
  18. Chidambaram ALA., et al. “Effect of Vermicompost on the growth and Nutrient Status in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea. L)”. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research2 (2013): 15-22.
  19. Hinkelmann K and Kempthrone O. Design and Analysis of Experiment, Volume 1: Introduction to Experimental design. Wiley (2003).
  20. Jouquet EP., et al. “Do Compost and Vermicompost Improve Macronutrient Retention and Plan Growth in Degraded Tropical Soil and Plan Growth in Degraded Tropical Soil?”. Compost Science and Utilization 1 (2013): 15‑24.
  21. Sujid A. “Vermicompost, the story of organic gold”. Agricultural Sciences7 (2012): 905-917.
  22. Nandhini E and Sumathi S. “Conversion of Solid Waste into Bio fertilizer by Vermicompost Method” International Journal of Pharma Science and Research3 (2017): 24-32.
  23. Bhale UN., et al. “Physico-chemical parameter of Organic Compost and its impact on Pigeon Pea Crop Plants Productivity”. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Science2 (2018): 74-79.
  24. Daman R., et al. “Determination of Micronutrient in Vermicompost Prepared with Waste Rose Flower (Rosa berberia) Collected from Religious Places of Patna”. Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Science5 (2016): 37-43.
  25. Brown PH., et al. “Form and Function of Zinc Plants”. Plants Soil Science 55 (1993).
  26. Karmegan N., et al. “Trend and Advace in Earthworm Research and Vermitechnology”. Special Issue7 (2009).
  27. McCauly A. “Plant Nutrient Functions, Deficiency and Toxicity Symptoms”. Montana State University. Nutrient Management 9 (2010): 1-16.
  28. Silva JA and Uchida R. “Essential Nutrients for Plant Growth: Nutrient Functions and Deficiency Symptoms”. Plant Nutrient Management in Hawaii’s Soul (2010): 31‑55.
  29. White PJ and Broadley MR. “Calcium in Plants”. Annal of Botany 92 (2003): 487‑511.
  30. Silva JA and Uchida R. “Essential Nutrients for Plant Growth: Nutrient Functions and Deficiency Symptoms”. Plant Nutrient Management in Hawaii’s Soul (2010): 31‑55.
  31. Sinha RK., et al. “Vermicompost and Sustainable Agriculture”. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural Environmental Sciences5 (2009): 01-55.
  32. Kalantari S., et al. “The Effect of Compost and Vermicompost of Yard Leaf Manure on growth of corn”. African Journal of Agriculture Research11 (2010): 1317-1323.
  33. Theunissen J., et al. “Potentials of Vermicompost produced from plant waste on the growth and Nutrient Status in Vegetable Production”. International Journal of Physical Science13 (2010): 1964-1973.
  34. Porkodi P and Amruththa M. “Comparative Studies on the Nutrient Levels of Vermicompost by Eisenia fetida and Eudrilus eugeniae and their Effects on Vigna radiate”. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology12 (2014): 78-82.
  35. Kumar R., et al. “Role of Biofertilizer in Agriculture”. Popular Kheti4 (2017): 63-66.
  36. Yathiender S., et al. “A Comparative Study of the Effect of different Potting Mixture on Growth of Zea May L. and Trigonella foeruim‑graecum L”. International Journal of Environment Resources and Public Health 4 (2018): 4427‑4440.
  37. Atiyeh RM., et al. “Effects of Vermicomposts and Composts on plant growth in Horticultural Container Media and Soil”. Pedobiologia5 (2000): 579-590.
  38. Liu U., et al. “Effects of Nitrogen Fertilizers on the Growth and Nitrate Content of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)”. International Journal of Environmental Resources and Public Health4 (2014): 4427-4440.
×

Citation

Citation: Ebele Rita Emendu., et al. “Analysis of Micro and Macro Nutrient Levels in Compost and Vermicompost Fertilizer Formulated from Selected Agro-waste and Comparative Assessment of the Fertilizer Efficiencies".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 87-99.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.034

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 20, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US