Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 2

Integrated Goat Fish Farming as Source of Low Cost Nutrition Security for Small Farmers

Bibha Chetia Borah1*, Sonmoina Bhuyan2 and Biswajyoti Bordoloi3

1Principal Scientist and In-charge, Fisheries Research Centre, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India
2Subject Matter Specialist, KVK, Lakhimpur, AAU, Assam, India
3Junior Scientist, FRC, AAU, Jorhat, Assam, India

*Corresponding Author: Bibha Chetia Borah, Principal Scientist and In-charge, Fisheries Research Centre, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India.

Received: November 27, 2020; Published: January 21, 2021



As per the 20th livestock census (2019), the population of goat in India is 148.88 million, which is 10.14% higher than the same in the 19th livestock Census, 2012 and around 27.8% of the total livestock population of the country. The increase in livestock population is always associated with the problem of waste disposal and its possible impact on the environment. Integration of fish farming with livestock husbandry is a viable option, where the livestock waste is recycled for production of fish. The present study encompasses integrated farming of goat and fish by recycling goat manure, a rich source of N (2.7%), P (1.7%) and K (2.9%) and protein (17.3%), for enhancing fish production in pond. The average range of production of goat dung was 106.2 gm - 176.4gm/goat/night for animal weighing 10.5 - 17.5 kg under open grazing system. It was found that application of goat dung @ 10,000 kg/Ha/year in split doses is the most viable proposition. Calculated per Ha production of fish @ 3879.4 kg (T2), 3430.8 kg (T3), 3358.9 kg (T1) and 2061.8 kg (C) indicated the comparative efficiency of goat dung application for small scale sustainable fish farming with low external input.

Keywords: Livestock Population; Waste Disposal; Integration; Goat Manure Recycling; Sustainable; Small Scale Fish Farming



  1. Goodland R and Anhang J. Pub. Livestock and Climate change. November-December. World Watch (2009): 10-19.
  2. Edwards P., et al. Pub. ICLARM Studies and Reviews. 16 (1998): 53.
  3. Schroeder GL. ICLARM Conference proceedings 4 (1980): 73-86.
  4. Boyd Claude E. “Aquaculture pond holds carbon”. Global Aquaculture Advocate (2010): 23-24.
  5. Sharma BK., et al. “Package of Practice for increasing production on fish cum livestock farming system”. Aquaculture Extension Manual New Series, No. 5, CIFRI, Barrackpore (1985).
  6. Package of practices for fish farming in Assam. Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam and Dept. of Fisheries, Govt of Assam (1997): 104.
  7. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Integrated poultry-pig-fish farming”. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 1 (1998): 39-46.
  8. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Techno-economic feasibility of cow manure recycling in fish pond”. Indian Jr. Hill Farming 12 (1999): 1-7.
  9. Chetia Borah B and Bhuyan S. “Sustainability of an integrated livestock-fish-crop farming system as a small scale enterprise”. Pub. Aquaculture Asia Magazine, April-June. (2017): 18-20.
  10. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Technical viability of incorporation of low cost Aquaponics in integrated chicken fish farming system”. The Bioscan 10 (2017): 01-08.
  11. Gaddie ER and Douglas DE. Pub. Earth worm for Ecology and profit, Vol.1 Scientific Earthworm farming. Bookworm publishing Company, Ontario California, USA (1975).
  12. “Integrated fish farming in China”. Publ. NACA Technical Manual-7 (1989).
  13. Libunao P Lyndia. “Goat/fish integrated farming in the Phillipines”. Ambio. Science of Sustainable Development 19.8 (1999): 408-410.
  14. Soko CK and Likongwe JS. “Effects of fertilization and feeding on the growth of Tilapia rendalli reared in concrete ponds”. Aqua-Fish Technical Report 1 (2002): 29-31.
  15. Megerssa E., et al. “Fish growth performance in ponds integrated with poultry farm and fertilized with goat manure: a case in Ethiopian Rift valley”. International Journal of Fishery Science and Aquaculture2 (2016): 040-045.
  16. Peters J Combs., et al. “Recommended methods of manure analysis (A3769)”. Pub. by Co-operative Extension Publishing (2003): 62.
  17. Coates DB and Penning P. “Measuring animal performance”. in: Mannetje, Lt., Jones, R.M. (Eds), Field and laboratory methods for Grassland and animal production research. Electronic Book published by (2000): 353-386.
  18. Standard methods for examination of water and waste water. 16 Ed. APHA, AWWA, WPCE, Washington DC (1989): 1014.
  19. Grimsby LK., et al. “The prospect of Biogas among small holder dairy goat farmers in the Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania”. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development1 (2016): 10723-10737.
  20. Ugwuoke EC., et al. “Production of Biogas from goat dung by anaerobic digestion”. International Journal of Research in Advanced Engineering and Technology 5 (2016): 17-20.
  21. Bhatnagar A and Devi Pooja. “Water quality guidelines for the management of pond fish culture”. International Journal of Environmental Sciences6 (2013): 1980-2009.
  22. Chetia Borah B and Bania R. “An innovative approach to address inadequacy in environmental factors for development of aquaculture in Assam”. Pub. Fishing Chimes 33.7 (2013): 46-49.
  23. Chetia Borah B. “Grow out performance of Puntius sarana (Ham) in carp polyculture system”. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 2 (2012): 34-41.
  24. Chetia Borah B., et al. “Performance of orange fin labeo, Labeo calbasu (Hamilton 1822) as a component of polyculture system”. Journal of Fisheries1 (2014): 86-89.


Citation: Bibha Chetia Borah., et al. “Integrated Goat Fish Farming as Source of Low Cost Nutrition Security for Small Farmers".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 80-86.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US