Ximena Rodríguez Palleres1*, Gabriella Di Capua Ramírez1 and Álvaro Toledo San Martín2
1School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bernardo O'Higgins
2Department of Mathematics and Physics, Bernardo O'Higgins University, Chile
*Corresponding Author: Ximena Rodríguez Palleres, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bernardo O'Higgins University, Chile.
Received: December 29, 2020; Published: January 16, 2021
Background: The childhood obesity is a public health problem whose main causes are the consumption of processed foods and junk food with a decrease in physical activity.
Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the existence of associations between nutritional status and the consumption of diet soft drinks in school children in Santiago, Chile.
Methods: Cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 157 school children of both sexes from 6 to 9 years of age of the Renca municipality, Santiago, Chile. To determine the nutritional status, weight, height and waist circumference were evaluated. To describe the consumption of diet soft drinks, a survey prepared for this study was applied.
Results: 57.97% of school children are overweight and obese according to BMI. Regarding abdominal obesity, 53.51% presented this condition according to waist circumference. 64.34% consume diet soft drinks at least one glass a day. Compared to the children who never drink diet soft drinks, the risk of obesity was higher in those who drank 1 glass a day of diet soft drinks (Odds ratio (OR): 1.02 [(IC) 95%: 0.45-2.32]), and who consumed 2 or more glasses a day of diet soft drinks (Odds ratio (OR): 1.52 [(IC) 95%: 0.74-3.2] p = 0.258). The risk of abdominal obesity in school children who consumed 1 glass (Odds ratio (OR): 1.3 [(IC) 95%: 0.58-2.98]) or 2 glasses a day of diet soft drinks (Odds ratio (OR): 1.1 [(IC) 95%: 0.57-2.4] p = 0.6726) was also higher.
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of excess malnutrition accompanied by a significant percentage of children who drink diet soft drinks daily. School children who drink diet soft drinks every day are at increased risk of obesity.
Keywords: Nutritional Status; Diet Soft Drinks; Obesity; Abdominal Obesity; School Children; Cardiovascular Risk
Citation: Ximena Rodríguez Palleres., et al. “Nutritional Status of Diet Soft Drinks Consumption Among Chilean School Children".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 5.2 (2021): 60-66.
Copyright: © 2021 Ximena Rodríguez Palleres., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.