Koichiro Irie1, Tetsuji Azuma2, Takatoshi Yonenaga2, Minako Hada2, Kazutoshi Watanabe3, Fumiko Deguchi3, Akihiro Obora3, Takao Kojima3 and Takaaki Tomofuji2*
1Department of Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, Meikai University School of Dentistry, Japan
2Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Asahi University, Japan
3Asahi University Hospital, Japan
*Corresponding Author: Takaaki Tomofuji, Department of Community Oral Health, School of Dentistry, Asahi University, Mizuho, Japan.
Received: October 19, 2020; Published: November 18, 2020
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major global health problem. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship between eating quickly and NAFLD in Japanese adults. A total of 8556 participants underwent a health checkup. Abdominal ultrasonography was applied to diagnose NAFLD, and information on eating speed was obtained using a self-administrated questionnaire. Of the study participants, 2570 (30.0%) had ultrasound diagnosed NAFLD. The participants who reported eating quickly had a higher prevalence of NAFLD when compared to those who did not report eating quickly. The presence of NAFLD was significantly associated with male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 3.163, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.800 - 3.573), age ≥ 65 years (OR = 1.426, 95%CI = 1.076 - 1.889), high body mass index (≥ 25 kg/m2; OR = 9.615, 95%CI = 8.511 - 10.863), hypertension (OR = 1.659, 95%CI = 1.424 - 1.931), high hemoglobin A1c values (≥ 6.5%; OR = 4.096, 95%CI = 3.080 - 5.446), the presence of regular exercise habits (OR = 0.605, 95%CI = 0.522 - 0.701), and eating quickly (OR = 1.146, 95%CI = 1.023 - 1.283) after adjusting for confounding factors. These results indicated that lifestyle factors, including eating quickly, is positively associated with NAFLD in Japanese adults independently of overweight and obesity.
Keywords: Eating Behaviors; Eating Speed; Fatty Liver; Cross-Sectional Study; Japanese
Citation: Takaaki Tomofuji., et al. “Eating Quickly is Associated with Ultrasound-Diagnosed Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Japanese Adults".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.12 (2020): 28-34.
Copyright: © 2020 Takaaki Tomofuji., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.