Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 11

Vitamin D Deficiency, Biology and its Functions

Afrozul Haq1* and Nuzhat Ahsan2

1Professor, Department of Food Technology, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
2DST WOS A Scientist, Institute of Life Science, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India

*Corresponding Author:Afrozul Haq, Professor, Department of Food Technology, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India.

Received: September 21, 2020; Published: October 28, 2020

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  Vitamin D deficiency is a major global, public health problem and is prevalent among all ages and ethnic groups. Nevertheless, it is preventable cost-effectively, if proper public health interventions are implemented. Only a handful of expensive foods contain vitamin D and it is difficulty to change people’s attitude and lifestyles. Therefore, an inexpensive supplements and food-fornication programs have been recommended. More than 80% of the requirement vitamin D should generate from our skin, but sun avoidance behaviors prevent this. The combination of lifestyle and environmental issues, decreased exposures to sunlight have led to vitamin D insufficiency. This affects approximately, 50% of the global population and estimated 1.5 billion people worldwide have vitamin D deficiency [1]. Sunlight remains the primary source of vitamin D3 that is synthesis in dermal tissues in humans and in animals. The details of vitamin D metabolism through sun or by ingested food are shown in figure 1.

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Citation

Citation: Afrozul Haq and Nuzhat Ahsan. “Vitamin D Deficiency, Biology and its Functions". ActaActa Scientific Nutritional Health 4.11 (2020): 92-93.




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