Sanjay Mohan Gupta*, Basant Ballabh, Pradeep Kumar Yadav, Ankur Agarwal and Madhu Bala
Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER), Haldwani, India
*Corresponding Author: Sanjay Mohan Gupta, Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER), Haldwani, India.
Received: September 24, 2020; Published: October 17, 2020
Food and nutrition (hidden hunger) for rapidly growing global populations (expected to increase 10 billion by 2050) are major concern of public health issue in most of the global developing countries. One way to tackle these problems is through the intervention of local traditional less-explored high-value food crops as dietary supplements for ensuring food and nutritional security. The Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw (also called as 'Vegetable fern' or 'Liguna'; fam. Athyriaceae) is an underutilized wild wetland pteridophytes occurring commonly throughout world, from sea level to 2,300m. The young frond and rhizomes of D. esculentum are generally used as green vegetables during the monsoon season, which are reported to possess notable nutritional and medicinal properties. This research article highlights the detailed nutritive phytochemical (primary and secondary metabolites, essential mineral content, dietary fibres, calorific value etc) profiling of young fronds of D. esculentum. Our results suggest that D. esculentum fronds contains rich amounts of protein (52.3%), carbohydrate (28.2%), antioxidants (Vitamin C etc) and exceptionally high contents of important minerals (Ca, Fe, Na), dietary fibre (17.44%) with good calorific energy value (324 Kcal/100 gm). The overall results suggest that, the young fronds of D. esculentum contains rich source of phyto-nutrients that may be commercially utilized for the development of healthcare value added products as a sustainable solution to the health and nutritional security.
Keywords: Diplazium esculentum; Edible Ferns; Food and Nutritional Security; Phytonutrient Analysis; Therapeutic Phyto-Constituents; Traditional Vegetables; Wetland Pteridophytes
Citation: Sanjay Mohan Gupta., et al. “Nutrients Analysis of Diplazium esculentum: Underutilized Wild Wetland Pteridophytes Ensure Food and Nutritional Security". ActaActa Scientific Nutritional Health 4.11 (2020): 46-49.
Copyright: © 2020 Sanjay Mohan Gupta., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.