Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Physico-Chemical Analysis of Honey Produced in Bako-Tibe District, Western Showa Zone, Oromia Region, Western Ethiopia

Million Chimdessa1* and Desalegn Begna2

1Bule Hora Universities, College of Natural and Computational Science, Biology Department, Ethiopia
2Ambo University, Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Million Chimdessa, Bule Hora Universities, College of Natural and Computational Science, Biology Department, Ethiopia.

Received: July 23, 2020; Published: September 11, 2020



  Honey production is a long-standing practice in the rural communities of Ethiopia in general and Oromia regional state in particular. However, there is scanty information with regards to the quality of the honey produced in the most parts of Oromia. The study was conducted to assess the Physico-Chemical Analysis of honey produced around Bako Tibe district, western Showa, Ethiopia. A total of 13 fresh honey samples each weighing 50 gram were randomly collected from three agro-ecologies of the district. The collected honey samples were analyzed in the laboratory for their physico-chemical parameters. The average results indicated that 19.81%, 4.23, 21.43meq, 0.11 % for moisture, pH, free acidity and ash, respectively. According to this analysis, the results of all the samples fall within acceptable ranges for the national and international standards. This study investigated and availed the honey quality results of study area and ascertained all the values concur with local and international requisites. Owing to lack of testing facility, the information on the honey safety aspects still remain blurred, requiring further investigations.

Keywords: Moisture; Honey; Acidity; Quality; Standards; pH



  1. Nuru A. “Geographical races of the Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) of the Northern Regions of Ethiopia”. Ph.D dissertation. Rhodes University, South Africa (2002).
  2. Agricultural sample survey of 2012. volumeII report on: Livestock and Livestock characteristics. Central statics agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (2012).
  3. Nuru A. “Atlas of pollen grains of major honeybee flora of Ethiopia”. Holeta Bee Research Centre. Commercial Printing Enterprise. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (2007): 152.
  4. Chala Kinati., et al. “Opportunities and challenges of honey production in Gomma district of Jimma zone, South-west Ethiopia”. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development4 (2012): 85-91.
  5. Apiculture research strategy, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Animal Science Research Directorate (2000): 45.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization. Value added products from beekeeping (FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No., 124). Rome, Italy (1996).
  7. Codex Alimentrarious Commission. Codex standards for sugards (honey). Supplement 2 to Codex Alimetariu Volume 3. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations and World Health Organization, Rome (1989).
  8. Belie T. “Honeybee Production and Marketing Systems, Constraints and Opportunities in Burie District of Amahara Region, Ethiopia”. M.Sc. Thesis (2009).
  9. Chala K. “Honey production, marketing system and quality assessment in gomma district, south western Ethiopia”. M.Sc. Thesis, Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine (2010): 23-30.
  10. Alemayehu Tolera. “Characterization of beekeeping, honey quality and bee products marketing systems: the case of Horo District of, Oromia Region state, Ethiopia”. Msc thesis. Hawassa University College of Agriculture, Ethiopia.
  11. Gebremedhin G., et al. “Physiochemical characteristics of honey obtained from traditional and modern hive production systems in Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia”. Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science 5 (2013): 115-128.
  12. Codex Alimentarius Commission standard. Revised Codex Standard for Honey. Codex Standard 12-1981, Rev.1 (1987), Rev.2 (2001). Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. 24th Session, FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy (2001).
  13. Agbagwa OE., et al. “Quality assessment of Nigerian honey and manuka honey”. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research3 (2011): 20-31.
  14. Tropical and Sub tropical apiculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin FAO, Rome, Italy (2009).
  15. Bogdano S. “Harmonized Methods of the International Honey Commission”. Swiss Bee Research Centre FAM, Liebefeld, CH-3003 Bern, Switzerland (2002).
  16. Jose Pires., et al. “Pollen spectrum and physico-chemical attributes of heather (Erica sp.) honeys of north Portugal” (2009).
  17. Nuru A. “Quality state and grading of Ethiopian honey”. Proceedings of the first National Conference of Ethiopian Beekeepers Association (EBA), June 7-8, 1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (1999): 74-82.
  18. Almeida-Muradian A., et al. “Physicochemical parameters of Amazonmelipona honey”. Quim. Nova 30.3 (2007): 707-708.
  19. Ethiopian Quality Standard Authority. Ethiopian honey quality and standard, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (2005).
  20. Tesfaye B., et al. “Evaluation of Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced in Bale Natural Forest, Southeastern Ethiopia”. International Journal of Agriculture Food Science and Technology 1 (2016): 021-027.


Citation: Million Chimdessa and Desalegn Begna. “Physico-Chemical Analysis of Honey Produced in Bako-Tibe District, Western Showa Zone, Oromia Region, Western Ethiopia".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.10 (2020): 10-15.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.316

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US