Ngoy Bulaya Emmanuel1,3*, Horwood Christiane2, Mapatano Mala Ali3, Muyer Telo M-C3, Ntiba Assumpta Ruth1 and Mutombo Beya P3
1Nutrition Research Unit, Lubumbashi School of Public Health, University of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2Centre of Nutrition Research, University of Kwazulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
3Nutrition Department, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
*Corresponding Author: Ngoy Bulaya Emmanuel, Nutrition Research Unit, School of Public Health, University of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Received: July 04, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020
Background: Malnutrition is in high prevalence in some developing countries, like Democratic Republic of the Congo mostly among children from six to 23 months. Complementary feeding is among the main causes of malnutrition worldwide.
Objective: The present study aimed to assess the complementary feeding practices associated with acute malnutrition in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Design (Methodology): A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October 23rd to November 25th 2017 in DILALA Health Zone, using a three-stage stratified sampling technique. In 10 Health Areas, 698 children six to 23 months old were assessed on nutritional status and their mothers interviewed on complementary feeding practices. Household questionnaire pretested and revised, standardized anthropometry equipment and World Health Organization recommendations were used with trained data collectors. ENA for SMART and Logistic regression on SPSS 23 were used to data analysis.
Results: Wasting was associated with lack of knowledge on minimum meal frequency (adjusted odds ratio = 2.4, CI 1.14 - 5.11), minimum dietary diversity (adjusted odds ratio = 0.23, CI 0.055 - 0.981) and protected source of drinking water (adjusted odds ratio = 0.50, CI 0.26-0.93).
Conclusion: Wasting was more increased among children whose mothers were without knowledge on minimum meal frequency of complementary feeding, but more prevented in children having met minimum dietary diversity and in children from household with protected source of drinking water.
Keywords: Acute Malnutrition; Children 6 - 23 Months; Complementary Feeding Practices; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Nutritional Status
Citation: Ngoy Bulaya Emmanuel., et al. “Complementary Feeding Practices Associated with Wasting of Children 6 - 23 Months Old in Dilala, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2017". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.8 (2020): 67-76.
Copyright: © 2020 Ngoy Bulaya Emmanuel., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.