Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 7

Efficacy of Ketogenic Diet in Seizure Reduction in Epileptic Patients-A Review

Aamina Sabir1*, Hafiz Muhammad Ubaid Tayyib1 and Faran Khan2

1University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Pakistan
2Department Of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition, University Of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore

*Corresponding Author: Aamina Sabir, Clinical Dietitian at THQ Manawan Hospital Lahore, University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Pakistan.

Received: May 29, 2020; Published: June 04, 2020

×

Abstract

 Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by unprovoked seizures of varying frequencies and intensity. Several pharmacological treatments had been used previously for its treatment. However ketogenic diet has gained importance as non-pharmacological therapy to epilepsy in recent years. This review aims to discuss the efficacy of ketogenic diet in epilepsy. Key words used for search include “ketogenic diet”, “epilepsy”, “childhood epilepsy” and “ketogenic diet side effects”. Studies conclude that ketogenic diet is an effective remedy in seizure reduction. It comprises of very high fat, low protein and very low carbohydrates. Seizure reduction is due to decrease in the amount of reactive oxygen species which is a result of high ketone bodies and low glucose levels achieved by the use ketogenic diet, hence improving the condition of epileptic patients. It has proven efficacy in patients with epilepsy resistance to pharmacological treatment. In children it has positive or no impact on cognition, mood and behavior of children along with its antiepileptic properties. However further researches must be carried out to highlight the impact of ketogenic diet on cognition and mood of children. As ketogenic diet is high in fats, its long-term use may alter the lipid profile of patients. Moreover, gastrointestinal disturbances, insulin resistance has also been observed. Studies also show that there still need of clinical trials and researches in adult epileptic patients.

Keywords: Ketogenic Diet; Epilepsy; Childhood Epilepsy; Ketogenic Diet Side Effects

×

References

  1. Camfield Peter and Carol Camfield. "Incidence, Prevalence and Aetiology of Seizures and Epilepsy in Children”. Epileptic Disorders2 (2015): 117-123.
  2. Marcia Nelms., et al. “Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology”. Second edition (2010).
  3. O'Connell., et al. "Cannabinoids in Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy: A Review”. Epilepsy and Behavior 70 (2017): 341-348.
  4. Auvin S. "Non-Pharmacological Medical Treatment in Pediatric Epilepsies”. Revue Neurologique3 (2016): 182-185.
  5. Sampaio Letícia Pereira de Brito. "Ketogenic Diet for Epilepsy Treatment”. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria10 (2016): 842-848.
  6. Augustin Katrin., et al. "Mechanisms of Action for the Medium-Chain Triglyceride Ketogenic Diet in Neurological and Metabolic Disorders”. The Lancet Neurology1 (2018): 84-93.
  7. Sharma Suvasini and Puneet Jain. "The Ketogenic Diet and Other Dietary Treatments for Refractory Epilepsy in Children”. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology3 (2014): 253.
  8. Lima Patricia., et al. "Neurobiochemical Mechanisms of a Ketogenic Diet in Refractory Epilepsy”. Clinics10 (2014): 699-705.
  9. Li Hai-feng., et al. "Therapeutic Success of the Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Option for Epilepsy: A Meta-Analysis”. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics6 (2013): 613.
  10. Auvin Stéphane. "Fatty Acid Oxidation and Epilepsy”. Epilepsy Research3 (2012): 224-228.
  11. Rho Jong Min and Carl E Stafstrom. "The Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Paradigm for Diverse Neurological Disorders”. Frontiers in Pharmacology 3 (2012): 59.
  12. Nei Maromi., et al. "Ketogenic Diet in Adolescents and Adults with Epilepsy”. Seizure6 (2014): 439-442.
  13. Klein Pavel., et al. "Ketogenic Diet Treatment in Adults with Refractory Epilepsy”. Epilepsy and Behavior4 (2010): 575-579.
  14. Nam Sook Hyun., et al. "The Role of Ketogenic Diet in the Treatment of Refractory Status Epilepticus”. Epilepsia 11 (2011): e181-e184.
  15. Lambrechts Danielle AJE., et al. "The Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Option in Adults with Chronic Refractory Epilepsy: Efficacy and Tolerability in Clinical Practice”. Epilepsy and Behavior3 (2012): 310-314.
  16. Zhu Dengna., et al. "Ketogenic Diet Effects on Neurobehavioral Development of Children with Intractable Epilepsy: A Prospective Study”. Epilepsy and Behavior 55 (2016): 87-91.
  17. Lambrechts DAJE., et al. "Ketogenic Diet Effects on Cognition, Mood, and Psychosocial Adjustment in Children”. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica2 (2013): 103-108.
  18. Güzel Orkide., et al. "The Effect of Olive Oil-Based Ketogenic Diet on Serum Lipid Levels in Epileptic Children”. Neurological Sciences3 (2016): 465-470.
  19. Martin Kirsty., et al. "Ketogenic Diet and Other Dietary Treatments for Epilepsy”. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2 (2016): CD001903.
  20. Kim Jeong A., et al. "Efficacy of the Classic Ketogenic and the Modified Atkins Diets in Refractory Childhood Epilepsy”. Epilepsia1 (2016): 51-58.
  21. IJff Dominique M., et al. "Cognitive and Behavioral Impact of the Ketogenic Diet in Children and Adolescents with Refractory Epilepsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial”. Epilepsy and Behavior 60 (2016): 153-157.
  22. Hallböök Tove., et al. "The Effects of the Ketogenic Diet on Behavior and Cognition”. Epilepsy Research3 (2012): 304-309.
  23. Garcia-Penas JJ. "Epilepsy, Cognition and Ketogenic Diet”. Revista de Neurologia1 (2018): S71-S75.
  24. Zamani Gholam Reza., et al. "The Effects of Classic Ketogenic Diet on Serum Lipid Profile in Children with Refractory Seizures”. Acta Neurologica Belgica4 (2016): 529-534.
  25. Sirven Joseph., et al. "The Ketogenic Diet for Intractable Epilepsy in Adults: Preliminary Results”. Epilepsia12 (1999): 1721-1726.
  26. Suo Chenqu., et al. "Efficacy and Safety of the Ketogenic Diet in Chinese Children”. Seizure3 (2013): 174-178.
  27. Bielohuby Maximilian., et al. "Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Rats Fed Low-Carbohydrate, High-Fat Diets”. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism9 (2013): E1059-E1070.
  28. Rho Jong M. "How Does the Ketogenic Diet Induce Anti-Seizure Effects?" Neuroscience Letters 637 (2017): 4-10.
  29. van der Louw Elles., et al. "Ketogenic Diet Guidelines for Infants with Refractory Epilepsy”. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology6 (2016): 798-809.
  30. Rogawski Michael A., et al. "Mechanisms of Action of Antiseizure Drugs and the Ketogenic Diet”. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine5 (2016): a022780.
  31. Schoeler Natasha E and J Helen Cross. "Ketogenic Dietary Therapies in Adults with Epilepsy: A Practical Guide”. Practical Neurology3 (2016): 208-214.
  32. McDonald Tanya JW and Mackenzie C Cervenka. "Ketogenic Diets for Adults with Highly Refractory Epilepsy”. Epilepsy Currents6 (2017): 346-350.
  33. Elia Maurizio., et al. "Ketogenic diets in the treatment of epilepsy”. Current Pharmaceutical Design37 (2017): 5691-5701.
×

Citation

Citation: Aamina Sabir. “Efficacy of Ketogenic Diet in Seizure Reduction in Epileptic Patients-A Review". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.7 (2020): 11-15.



Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is December 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US