Carol E O’Neil1, Theresa A Nicklas2* and Victor L Fulgoni III3
1School of Nutrition and Food Science (Emeritus), Louisiana State University
Agricultural Center, U.S.A
2USDA/ARS/CNRC, Baylor College of Medicine, U.S.A
3Nutrition Impact, LLC, U.S.A
*Corresponding Author: Theresa A Nicklas, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas, U.S.A.
Received: February 27, 2020; Published: March 11, 2020
The aim of this study was to determine the food sources of energy, nutrients of public health concern and nutrients to limit using two approaches focusing on dairy foods. Twenty-four hour dietary recalls from adults 19 - 50 (n = 5,431) and 51+ years (n = 4,522) participating in NHANES 2011 - 2014 were analyzed. Energy and nutrients were sample-weighted and ranked on percentage contribution to the diet using specific food group intake (SFG) and disaggregated data (DD) for dairy foods. In those 19 - 50 years, cheese and milk were the top ranked food sources of calcium in the SFG and DD; for potassium, vegetables, excluding potatoes, and coffee and tea were top ranked in SFG data and milk and vegetables, excluding potatoes, were top ranked in the DD; for vitamin D, milk and seafood were the top ranked food sources in both analyses. For SFA, mixed dishes—Mexican and sweet bakery products were top ranked using SFG, and cheese and sweet bakery products were top ranked using DD. For those 51 - 99 years for calcium, milk and cheese were the top ranked food sources in both analyses; for potassium, coffee and tea and vegetables, excluding potatoes were the top two food sources for both analyses; for vitamin D, milk and seafood were top ranked. For SFA, fats and oils and sweet bakery products and cheese and fats/oils were top ranked using SFG and DD, respectively. For SFA, mixed dishes—fats/oils and sweet bakery products were top ranked for SFG analysis; cheese and fats/oils were top ranked for the DD. For sodium, bread, rolls, and tortillas and cured meats/poultry were also top ranked for both analyses. Identification of food sources of these important nutrients can help health professionals implement appropriate dietary recommendations and plan age-appropriate interventions to improve diet and health.
Keywords: NHANES; Nutrients; Nutrients of Public Health Concern; Nutrients to Limit; Adults; Food Sources; Dairy Foods
Citation: Theresa A Nicklas.,et al. “Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and to Limit and the Contribution of Mixed Dishes to the Diets of Adults 19+ Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011 - 2014". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.4 (2020): 28-49.
Copyright: © 2020 Theresa A Nicklas., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.