Idisi J1 and Uguru H2*
1Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria 2Department of Agricultural and Bio-environmental Engineering Technology, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Uguru H, Department of Agricultural and Bio- environmental Engineering Technol ogy, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria.
Received: February 05, 2020; Published: February 14, 2020
This study was carried out to assess the impact of abattoir effluent on some physicochemical and microbiological properties along the course of River Brass, in Bayelsa State, Southern Nigeria. Water samples were collected at four points at equidistance away from the effluent discharge point, along the course of the river, coded and taken immediately to the laboratory for water analysis. The tests were carried in accordance to American Public Health Association (APHA) standard recommended procedures. Results obtained from the tests showed that discharging the abattoir effluent into the water body had significant effect on the water physicochemical and microbiological properties. The results revealed that the water samples contained TSS, DO, BOD5, lead and total coliform count above the permissible limits recommended by World Health Organization and Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water. Highest mean values of total suspended solid (140 mg l-1), dissolved oxygen (1.01 mg l-1), biochemical oxygen demand (323 mg l-1), total coliform count (201 cfu ml-1), lead 1.09 mg l-1) and Ammonia (4.88 mg l-1) was recorded at the abattoir effluent discharge point; and the values decreased in a fluctuating pattern as the river water flowed downstream. The results further revealed the importance of avoiding indiscriminate discharging of untreated effluents on the environment, mostly water bodies.
Keywords: Abattoir; Bayelsa; Effluent; Meat Processing; Water Quality
Citation: Idisi J and Uguru H. “Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Microbiological and Physicochemical Properties of Water Bodies: A Case Study of Yenagoa Metropolis, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.3 (2020): 60-66.
Copyright: © 2020 Mark Idisi J and Uguru H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.