Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Microbiological and Physicochemical Properties of Water Bodies: A Case Study of Yenagoa Metropolis, Nigeria

Idisi J1 and Uguru H2*

1Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural and Bio-environmental Engineering Technology, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Uguru H, Department of Agricultural and Bio- environmental Engineering Technol ogy, Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria.

Received: February 05, 2020; Published: February 14, 2020

×

Abstract

  This study was carried out to assess the impact of abattoir effluent on some physicochemical and microbiological properties along the course of River Brass, in Bayelsa State, Southern Nigeria. Water samples were collected at four points at equidistance away from the effluent discharge point, along the course of the river, coded and taken immediately to the laboratory for water analysis. The tests were carried in accordance to American Public Health Association (APHA) standard recommended procedures. Results obtained from the tests showed that discharging the abattoir effluent into the water body had significant effect on the water physicochemical and microbiological properties. The results revealed that the water samples contained TSS, DO, BOD5, lead and total coliform count above the permissible limits recommended by World Health Organization and Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water. Highest mean values of total suspended solid (140 mg l-1), dissolved oxygen (1.01 mg l-1), biochemical oxygen demand (323 mg l-1), total coliform count (201 cfu ml-1), lead 1.09 mg l-1) and Ammonia (4.88 mg l-1) was recorded at the abattoir effluent discharge point; and the values decreased in a fluctuating pattern as the river water flowed downstream. The results further revealed the importance of avoiding indiscriminate discharging of untreated effluents on the environment, mostly water bodies.

Keywords: Abattoir; Bayelsa; Effluent; Meat Processing; Water Quality

×

References

  1. Abattoir Acts. Slaughter house cleaning and sanitation. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 53. Rome, Italy (1985).
  2. Abubakar GA and Tukur A. “Impact of abattoir effluent on soil chemical properties in Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria”. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research 1.4 (2014): 100-107.
  3. Nafarnda WD., et al. “Bacteriological quality of Abattoir effluents discharged into water bodies in Abuja, Nigeria”. International Scholarly Research Network (2012): 1-6.
  4. Neboh HA., et al. “Assessment of ijebu-igbo abattoir effluent and its impact on the ecology of the receiving soil and river”. Journal of Science, Toxicology and Food Technology 7.5 (2013): 2319-2402.
  5. Nafarnda WD., et al. “Impact of abattoir waste on aquatic life: a case study of Yola abattoir”. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 12 (2006): 31-33.
  6. WHO - World Health Organization of the United Nations. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality Geneva, 3rd Edition 1 (2019).
  7. Behr P. “Looming water crisis”. CQ Global Researcher 2 (2008): 27-56.
  8. The New Humanitarian. “Officials fear cholera resurgence in north” (2009).
  9. WHO - World Health Organization of the United Nations. Drinking-water (2018).
  10. Ahmad H and Saadieh WE. “Water quality assessment of Lebanese coastal rivers during dry season and pollution load into the Mediterranean Sea”. Journal of Water Health 5.4 (2017): 615-623.
  11. Akpokodje OI., et al. “Remediation of cassava effluent contaminated soil using organic soap solution: Case study of soil physical properties and plant growth performance”. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 21.3 (2018): 1-11.
  12. Onifade TB., et al. “Assessment of cassava waste effluent effect on some water sources in Ilorin, Nigeria”. African Journal of Engineering Research 3.3 (2018): 56-68.
  13. Eboibi O., et al. “Bioremediation of soil contaminated with cassava effluent using organic soap solution”. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology 12 (2018): 50-57.
  14. Uguru H and Obah GE. “Remediation of effluent from cassava processing mills”. Journal of Public Health and Environmental Technology 4.4 (2019): 21-25.
  15. Sumayya BU., et al. “Determination of physiochemical qualities of abattoir effluent on soil and water in Gandu, Sokoto State”. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology 4.4 (2013): 47-50.
  16. Ako Ako A., et al. “Nitrate contamination of groundwater in two areas of the Cameroon volcanic line Banana plain and Mount Cameroon area”. Applied Water Science 4 (2014): 99-113.
  17. Rabah AB., et al. “Microbiological and physicochemical assessment of soil contaminated with abattoir effluents in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria”. Science World Journal 5.3 (2010): 1-4.
  18. Google map. Swali Map (2019).
  19. Eboibi O., et al. “Evaluation of textural qualities and chemical properties of some tomato cultivars”. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 7.6 (2019): 147-157.  
  20. APHA - American Public Health Association. In: Eaton AD, Clescer LS, Rice EW, Greenberg AE, Franson MAH (eds.) Standards Methods for examination of waters and wastewaters APHA 21st edition Washington DC (2005): 1368.
  21. Omole DO and Longe EO. “An Assessment of the Impact of Abattoir Effluents on River Illo, Ota, Nigeria”. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 1 (2008): 56-64.
  22. Dallas LJ and Jha AN. “Applications of biological tools or biomarkers in aquatic biota: A case study of the Tamar estuary, South West England”. Marine Pollution Bulletin, The English Channel and its catchments: Status and Responses to Contaminants 95 (2015): 618-633.
  23. Mittal GS. “Characterization of the effluent wastewater from abattoirs for land application”. Food Reviews International 20 (2004): 229-256.
  24. Zubaidah T., et al. “The self-purification ability in the rivers of Banjarmasin, Indonesia”. Journal of Ecological Engineering 20.2 (2019): 177-182.
  25. Effendi H. “River Water Quality Preliminary Rapid Assessment Using Pollution Index. Procedia Environmental Sciences”. The 2nd International Symposium on LAPAN-IPB Satellite (LISAT) for Food Security and Environmental Monitoring 33 (2012): 562-567.
  26. Al-Turki AI. “Assessment of effluent quality of tertiary wastewater treatment plant at buraidah city and its reuse in irrigation”. Journal of Applied Science 10 (2010): 1723-1731.
  27. Isabirye M., et al. “Soil losses due to cassava and sweet potatoes harvesting: A case study from low in put traditional agriculture”. Soil Tillage Resource 92 (2007): 96-103.
  28. Ugwu EI and Agunwamba JC. “Detoxification of cassava wastewater by alkali degradation”. Journal of Research in Environmental Science and Toxicology 1.7 (2012): 161-167.
  29. WHO - World Health Organization of the United Nations. “Ammonia in drinking-water. Background document for preparation of WHO Guidelines for drinking-water quality”. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO/SDE/WSH/03.04/1) (2003).
  30. EPA - Environmental Protection Agency. Summary review of health effects associated with ammonia. Washington, DC, US Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA/600/8-89/052F) (1989).
  31. United Nations Environment Programme - UNEP. “Water Quality Monitoring - A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programmes” (1996). 
  32. Egharevba F and Odjada V. “The pollution potential and chemical interaction parameter of some agro and industrial wastes on soils”. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 11 (2002): 177-188.
  33. NSDWQ - Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality. Draft version 2. 22. Federal Ministry of Health (2007).
  34. Osakwe AA. “Effect of cassava processing mill effluent on physical and chemical properties of soils in Abraka and environs, Delta State, Nigeria”. Chemistry and Materials Research 2.7 (2012): 27-39.
×

Citation

Citation: Idisi J and Uguru H. “Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Microbiological and Physicochemical Properties of Water Bodies: A Case Study of Yenagoa Metropolis, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.3 (2020): 01-07.



Member In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for March Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is February 29, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US